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Poland Karolina Szyszka Justyna Szulc kbi13x

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Table of contents Poland in brief Poles- who are we? Customs and religious holiday National holidays Heroes of Poland Polish cuisine Folk clothing Mini Glossary

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Poland in brief Flag: two horizontal stripes of equal width the upper one white and the lower one red Emblem: white eagle with a golden crown on the red shield

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Official language: Polish Currency: zloty, PLN (1€=4zl) Government: Parliamentary Republic Economy: free market economy since 1990 Major cities: Warszawa, Wroclaw, Krakow, Lodz, Poznan, Gdansk, Rzeszow Location: Central Europe

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Capital: Warszawa (Warsaw)

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Area: 312,685 sq km (9th largest country in Europe) Population: 38,5 mln , out of which: 95% are Poles; among national minorities are: Germans, Bielarusians and Ukrainians; Religion: 90% Roman Catholic Church Time zone: GMT+ 1hour

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Poles- who are we? Polish people touch frequently by shaking hands Kissing both cheeks or kissing the hand is common Politeness requires an attention to status. The act of holding a door open for a woman or someone of higher status is high important Punctuality is important to Poles

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Polish people are usually Catholic. The father is the authority over the home. The elderly are highly respected and help maintain traditions. Poles enjoy sharing hospitality to the point of having a phrase „Gosc W Dom, Bog W Dom” meaning „Guest in the house, God in the house” Poles do not shake hands in the doorway Do not give an even number of flowers

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Customs and religious holiday Fat Thursday (Tlusty czwartek) – the day of eating traditional Polish doughnuts (paczki) and Angel Wings (faworki); celebrated on the last Thursday before the religious period of Lent

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The First Day of Spring - "sinking of Marzanna". Kids made a doll from old grass and tree branches and take it to the river. They burn the doll and throw her into the river. The symbolic meaning of this ceremony is to get rid of winter.

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Easter (Wielkanoc) – one of the most important public holidays, which is full of traditions. People decorate eggs (pisanki), which they take in the Easter basket to church on Holy Saturday. On Easter Monday (lany poniedzialek) people play tricks on their family and friends by pouring some water on them.

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Eve of St. Andrew’s day (Andrzejki) is a magical night of future – telling, when people pour hot wax into cold water through a key hole and try to read their fate from the shape of congealed wax (29th November)

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Christmas (Boze Narodzenie) probably the most celebrated holiday, mainly because of the Christmas Eve dinner on 24th December (Wigilia). On this day families meet at tables filled with typical Christmas dishes, such as beetroot soup served with small dumplings, dumplings with cabbage and mushrooms, fried Karp, and for dessert: poppy seed cake.

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There are many rituals connected with this evening such as sharing Christmas wafer before dinner, singing corals and exchanging presents, which lie hidden under the Christmas tree till the end of the meal

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National holidays 3rd May (Constitution Day) on this day on 1791 Poland as the first country in Europe and the second in the world proclaimed its modern codified constitution (Konstytucja 3go Maja) Jan Matejko "Konstytucja 3 maja 1791 roku"

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11th November (National independence Day) on this day in 1918 Poland regained independence after 123 years of partitions Marshal Jozef Pilsudski

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Women’s day (Dzien Kobiet) is traditionally celebrated on 8th March. It was a public holiday and one of the most importants dates in the Polish calendar during the communist regime.

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Juwenalia – is an annual students’ festival in Poland, usually celebrated for 3 days in late May, or at the beginning of June, just before summer exams. During the celebrations students organise parades, concertes and parties at univeristy campuses, clubs and pubs

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Did you know that…? Poles also celebrate the April Fool’s Day (Prima Aprilis; 1st April) Child’s Day (Dzien Dziecka; 1st June) St. Nicholas Day (Mikolajki; 6th December)

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Heroes of Poland Karol Wojtyla, John Paul II – the first Polish Pope, He made an enormous contibution not only to the collapse of the Iron Curtain, but also to a positive change in the lives of thousands of people from all continents.

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Music Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin - was a Romantic-era Polish composer and pianist. Over 230 works of Chopin survive.

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Science Nicolaus Copernicus (Mikolaj Kopernik) – astronomer and the first European to contend that it is the Sun, not the Earth, that is at the centre of the Solar System.

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Maria Sklodowska-Curie – was a physicist-chemist famous for her pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first women ever to receive the degree of a Doctor of Science. To this day, Sklodowska-Curie remains the only scientist in history to be awarded two Nobel Prizes in two different fields of study.

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Polish Sportspeople Justyna Kowalczyk Robert Kubica Adam Malysz Kamil Stoch

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Polish cuisine Barszcz (beetroot soup) Bigos (stew of cabbage and meat) Pierogi (dumplings stuffed with cottage cheese, potatoes and onion; meat; cabbage and mushrooms or fruit) Kotlet schabowy (breaded pork cutlet)

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Placki Ziemniaczane (potatoes pancakes) Oscypek (cheese produced in the mountains from ewe’s milk, which is the most famous Polish regional delicacy Pastries and cakes: apple pie (szarlotka), ginger bread (piernik), popy seed cake (makowiec), cheesecake (sernik)

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Folk clothing

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Mini Glossary Czesc! - Hello/Hi! Dzien dobry – Good morning/afternoon Dobry wieczor – Good evening Dobranoc – Good night Do widzenia – Good bye Przepraszam – I’m sorry/excuse me Dziekuje – thank you Prosze – please Tak – yes Nie – no Jak sie masz? – How are you? W porzadku – I’m fine Nie mowie po polsku – I don’t speak polish Nie rozumiem – I don’t understand Ktora godzina – What time is it? Kocham Cie - I love you

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feel invited! ? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xhlz7u8NXds

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Dziekujemy za uwage! ? Thank you for your attention! ?