Machu Picchu Peru

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Machu Picchu Peru Presented by Brenda Music: Wild Child by Enya

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Machu Picchu or Machu Pikchu  machu old, old person, pikchu peak; mountain or prominence with a broad base which ends in sharp peaks, "old peak", Machu Picchu pronunciation is a 15th-century Inca site located 7,970 ft above sea level.It is located in the Cusco Region in Peru.

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Temple of the Sun

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The road to Machu Picchu.

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Leaving Cusco to Machu Picchu.

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It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Sacred Valley which is 50 miles northwest of Cusco and through which the Urumbamba River flows.

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Train to Machu Picchu

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Room of Three Windows

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Ritual Fountains

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Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often mistakenly referred to as the "Lost City of the Incas", it is perhaps the most familiar icon of Inca civilization.

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Agricultural Terraces

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Ritual Fountains

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Room of Three Windows

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The Incas built the estate around 1450, but abandoned it a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Although known locally, it was unknown to the outside world before being brought to international attention in 1911 by the American historian Hiram Bingham.

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The Main Square

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Temple of the Sun

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Houses of Factories

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Most of the outlying buildings have been reconstructed in order to give tourists a better idea of what the structures originally looked like. By 1976, thirty percent of Machu Picchu had been restored. The restoration work continues to this day. House of the Guardians

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Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry stone walls. Its three primary structures are the Inti Watana, the Temple of the Sun, and the  Room of the Three Windows. These are located in what is known by archaeologists as the Sacred District of Machu Picchu.

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The abandoned citadel’s existence was a secret known only to peasants living in the region. The site stretches over an impressive 5-mile distance, featuring more than 3,000 stone steps that link its many different levels. Today, hundreds of thousands of people tramp through Machu Picchu every year, braving crowds and landslides to see the sun set over its towering stone monuments and marvel at the mysterious splendor of one of the world’s most famous manmade wonders.

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Ritual Fountains

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Intihuatana Stone (sun dial?)

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Archaeologists have identified several distinct sectors that together comprise the city, including a farming zone, a residential neighborhood, a royal district and a sacred area. Machu Picchu’s most distinct and famous structures include the Temple of the Sun and the Intihuatana stone, a sculpted granite rock that is believed to have functioned as a solar clock or calendar.

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The Urumbamba River

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Temple of the Sun

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The End