Welcome to London

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Welcome to London

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The anthem of the United Kingdom is «God Save the Queen» God save the Queen. God save our gracious Queen Long live our noble Queen God save the Queen Send her victorious Happy and glorious Long to reign over us God save the Queen. O Lord our God arise, Scatter her enemies, And make them fall: Confound their politics, Frustrate their knavish tricks, On Thee our hopes we fix: God save us all. Thy choicest gifts in store On her be pleased to pour; Long may she reign: May she defend our laws, And ever give us cause To sing with heart and voice God save the Queen. Боже храни Королеву Боже храни нашу милостливую Королеву Долгой жизни нашей благородной Королеве Боже храни Королеву Пошли ей победного Счастья и славно Долго царствовать над нами Боже храни Королеву O властелин наш Боже появись, Рассей её врагов, И заставь их падать: Разрушь их политику, Разбейте их мошеннические уловки, На Тебя наши надежды мы возлагаем: Боже храни нас всех. Твои подарки в изобилии На ней, чтобы излучать удовольствие; Долго может она править: Может она защищать наши законы, И вечно дай нам причину Петь с сердцем и голосом Боже храни Королеву

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Elizabeth II The Queen is Head of State of the UK and 15 other Commonwealth realms. The elder daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, she was born in 1926 and became Queen at the age of 25, and has reigned through more than five decades of enormous social change and development. The Queen is married to Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and has four children and eight grandchildren.

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National symbols and insignia The two main symbols of England are the St George's Cross (the English flag), and the Three Lions coat of arms of England. The royal coat of arms of England was the official coat of arms of the monarchs of England, and were used as the official coat of arms of the Kingdom of England until the Union of the Crowns in 1603.. England's National Day is St George's Day (Saint George being the patron saint), which is on 23 April. Coat of arms of the Great Britain (Королевский герб Великобритании) Coat of arms of England. (герб Англии)

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St. George's Cross The flag of England is the St George's Cross. The red cross appeared as an emblem of England during the Middle Ages and the Crusades and is one of the earliest known emblems representing England. The St. George's Cross is a red cross on a white background and is the flag of England. It is believed to have been adopted for the uniform of English soldiers during the Crusades of the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries. From about 1277 it became the national flag of England. .

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Tudor rose The Tudor rose is the national emblem of England, and was adopted as a national emblem of England around the time of the Wars of the Roses

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 Geography England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. England shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west and elsewhere is bordered by the North Sea, Irish Sea, Celtic Sea, Bristol Channel and English Channel. London, the capital of Great Britain, lies in the valley of the Thames. «Greater London» stretches for over thirty miles from north to south and for over thirty miles from east to west.

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 Geography The rolling terrain of the North York Moors (национальный парк в Северной Англии) A view of Borrowdale from Grayrigg Forest in the Lake District. Pulteney Bridge across the River Avon A view of Sheffield, one of England's largest cities

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England comprises the central and southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain, plus offshore islands of which the largest is the Isle of Wight. ( остров Уайт) На побережье острова. Общая площадь территории 380 км? . От Великобритании остров отделён проливом

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The Channel Tunnel It is bordered to the north by Scotland and to the west by Wales. It is closer to continental Europe than any other part of mainland Britain, divided from France only by a 24 - statute mile (51 km ) sea gap. The Channel Tunnel (Евротоннель) directly links England to mainland Europe. The English/French border is halfway along the tunnel. Высокоскоростная линия LGV Nord Europe с тоннелем под Ла-Маншем Тоннель имеет протяжённость около 51 км, из них 39 км непосредственно под дном моря.

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The Pennines Much of England consists of rolling hills, but it is generally more mountainous in the north with a chain of low mountains, the Pennines (Пеннинские горы), dividing east and west The Pennine Mountains of Northern England Пеннинские горы на карте Великобритании

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Other hilly areas in the north and Midlands are the Lake District, the North York Moors, and the Peak District. The largest natural harbour in England is at Poole, on the south-central coast. Some regard it as the second largest harbour in the world, after Sydney, Australia.. Peak District entrance stone on Hathersage Road, Sheffield

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Economics The City of London is a major business and commercial centre.England's economy is the among the largest in in the world.. London exports mainly manufactured goods and imports materials such as petroleum, tea, wool, raw sugar, timber, butter, metals, and meat. England exported more than 30,000 tons of beef last year, with France, Italy, Greece, the Netherlands, Belgium and Spain being the largest importers of beef from England. London is one of the international leaders in finance and the largest financial centre in Europe

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Букингемский дворец (Buckingham Palace) The Queen of England lives in Buckingham Palace. It is a wonderful bilding with a monument in front of it that is the Queen Victoria memorial. Buckingham palace is the official London residence of Her Majesty The Queen and as such is one of the best known and most potent symbols of the British monarchy. Yet it has been a royal residence for only just over two hundred and thirty years and a palace for much less; and its name, known the world over, is owed not to a monarch but to an English Duke.

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Westminster Abbey Opposite the Houses of Parliament stands Westminster Abbey, famous for its architecture and historical associations. It is one of the most famous and beautiful churches in London. It is more than nine hundred years old. Nearly all kings and queens have been crowned in the Abbey since the time of the Conquest. Chaucer, Spencer Tennyson, Dickens, Kipling were buried there. Westminster Abbey is famous for the Poet’s Corner too. In the Poet’s Corner there are memorials to Shakespeare, Milton, Burns, Byron and many other poets and writers.

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St.Paul’s Cathedral St.Paul’s Cathedral is not very far from the Tower. The cathedral, the most striking building in the City, was designed by Christopher Wren an outstanding British architect. He built it in the 17th century after the Great Fire. It took him 35 years. In one of the towers of the cathedral is one of the largest bells in the world. Собор Святого Павла (англ. St. Paul's Cathedral) — кафедральный собор в Лондоне, резиденция епископа Лондона.

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Tower of London One of the oldest buildings in London is the Tower. William the Conqueror, the first Norman king, built it in the eleventh century. For hundreds of years the Tower was used as a fortress, a residence of kings and a prison. Now it is a museum. You can see a lot of interesting things in the halls of the White Tower. Its walls are white and very tall. There are always black ravens in the Tower of London people take care and look after them, as they believe, that London will be rich while ravens live there. Tower bridge at night

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Big Ben Walking along the Strand you can reach the Houses of Parliament. The new building of the Houses of Parliament was built in 1840 on the site of the old Palace of Westminster. The large clock in one of the towers is Big Ben. Big Ben is the name of the clock and the bell of the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament. You can hear the sound of Big Ben every hour in London. The clock and the bell got their names after Sir Benjamin. He was a tall man, whose nickname was Big Ben. So people know the clock as Big Ben.

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The Beatles - Yesterday Yesterday, All my troubles seemed so far away Now it looks as though they’re here to stay Oh, I believe in yesterday. Suddenly, I’m not half the man I used to be, There’s a shadow hanging over me. Oh, yesterday came suddenly. Why she had to go I don’t know she wouldn‘t say. I said something wrong, now I long for yesterday. Yesterday, love was such an easy game to play. Now I need a place to hide away. Oh, I believe in yesterday. Я вчера Был счастливее всех на земле, Я любил и верен был тебе, И знал, что любишь ты меня. Но тебя У меня судьба вдруг отняла И сегодня только понял я, Что потерял вчера.        Припев: Без тебя гаснет солнца яркий свет. Без тебя и меня на свете нет! Я вчера Наслаждался трелью соловья, И во всём я видел лишь тебя - В цветах, деревьях, небесах... А сейчас Мир как-будто для меня погас, И никто уже не сможет нас Вернуть в счастливое вчера.