Present Simple (Indefinite) and Present Continuous (Progressive)

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Present Simple (Indefinite) and Present Continuous (Progressive)

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Present Simple (Настоящее простое) Форма: V1, V1-(e)s вопросительные и отрицательные предложения – вспомогательный глагол do/does + V1 (does - 3л.ед.ч., в утвердит. предложениях – окончание –(е)s у глаголов, если окончание –s есть у вспомогательного глагола, то у основного – 1 форма). Временные показатели: as a rule, generally, normally, actually, occasionally, often, always, seldom, rarely, never, hardly ever, from time to time, sometimes …

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THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE Утвердительная форма I play He plays She plays It plays We play You play They play Вопросительная форма Do I play? Does he play? Does she play? Does it play? Do we play? Do you play Do they play? Отрицательная форма I do not play He does not play She does not play It does not play We do not play You do not play They do not play

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Значение: Настоящее обычное, повторяющееся действие (I go to school every day.) действия и характеристики предмета или человека (He likes music.) вечное, неизменное (The sun rises in the east.) действие, происходящее в настоящий момент (*с глаголами, которые не употребляются в Continuous) (I see somebody in the room.) Будущее действие в придаточных предложениях времени и условия (If the weather is fine, we’ll go for a walk.) запланированное будущее действие, которое идет по плану, расписанию, программе (не личные планы) (The exhibition opens tomorrow.)

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Present Continuous (Настоящее длительное) Форма: to be (в нужной форме) + V-ing, Склонение “to be”: I – am, we – are, you – are, he/she/it – is, they – are + V-ing, Временные показатели: now, right now, at present, presently, at the present moment, Look!, Listen!, while (в сложных предложениях), ...

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Present Continuous

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Значение настоящего: - действие, происходящее в момент говорения (I’m watching TV now.) действие, происходящее в настоящий период времени (He is learning English.) Значение будущего: - личные планы на будущее (We are going to the country on the weekend.) - будущее действие в придаточных предложениях времени и условия (While you are sleeping, I’ll be washing up.)

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Глаголы состояния – глаголы, которые обозначают состояние, а не действие. Они не употребляются в Present Continuous Это глаголы, обозначающие чувственное восприятие (to see, to hear, to appear, to feel, to look, to smell, to sound, to taste), умственную деятельность (to know, to believe, to remember, to understand, to forget, to realise); желания, чувства (to want, to wish, to like, to love, to dislike, to hate, to prefer, to enjoy), некоторые другие глаголы (to be, to belong, to contain, to have, to keep, to need, to cost, to fit).

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Контрольные предложения для самостоятельного перевода Они играют в футбол каждое воскресенье. Посмотрите! Они играют в футбол. Обычно она пишет два или три письма в неделю. Она пишет письмо. Давайте подождем ее. Мой брат делает зарядку каждое утро. Она делает зарядку. (сейчас) Я хочу показать вам свою квартиру. Он всегда ожидает меня около моего дома. Я должен идти. Он ждет меня.

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Самопроверка They play football every Sunday. Look! They are playing football. Usually she writes two or three letters a week. She is writing a letter. Let's wait for her. My brother does his morning exercises every morning. He is doing his morning exercises. I want to show you my flat. He always waits for me near my house. I am to go. He is waiting for me.

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Вставьте глаголы в Present Simple. например: Water ...boils... (boil) at 100 degrees centigrade. George ......doesn`t go...... (not / go) to the cinema very often. How many languages do you speak..... (you / speak) The swimming bath (open) at 9.00 and (close) at 18.30 every day. What time (the bank / close) in Britain? I have a car but I (not / use) it very often. How many cigarettes (you / smoke) a day? "What (you / do) ?" "I am an electrical engineer." "Where (your father / come) from?" He (come) from Scotland." If you need money, why (you / not / get) a job? I (play) the piano, but I (not / play) very well.  I don`t understand the word "deceive". What ("deceive" / mean)?

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В этом упражнении вы должны сделать отрицание к неправильному по смыслу предложению, а затем исправить его, например: The sun goes round the earth. ...The sun does not go round the earth. ...The earth goes round the sun... Графа для проверки a. The sun rises in the west . b. Mice catch cats. c. Carpenters make things from metal. d. The river Amazon flows into the Pacific Ocean

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Составьте вопросы, которые будут начинаться со слов в скобках, например: Tom plays tennis. (How often?)...How often does Tom play tennis?... I get up in the morning. (What time / usually?) ...What time do you usually get up?...   1. Ann watches television. (How often?) 2. I write to my parents. (How often?) 3. I have dinner. (What time / usually?) 4. Tom works. (Where?) 5. I go to the cinema. (How often?) 6. People do stupid things. (Why?) 7. The car breaks down. (How often?)

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Впишите глагол в Present Continuous. Например: Please don`t make so much noise. I am studying (study) Let`s go out now. It isn`t raining (not/rain) Графа для проверки a. Please be quiet. I (try) to concentrate. b. Look! It (snow). c. Why (you / look) at me like that? Have I said something wrong? d. You (make) a lot of noise. Can you be a bit quieter? e. Excuse me. I (look) for a phone box. Is there one near you? f. (in the cinema) It`s a good film, isn`t it? (you / enjoy) it? g. Listen! Can you hear those people next door? They (shout) at each other again. h. I (not / work) this week. I`m on holiday. i. Why (you / wear) your coat today? It`s very warm. j. I want to lose weight. I (not / eat) anything today.

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Сравните: Present Continuous (I am doing) используется: когда действие происходит в данный момент или в прогрессе, но не обязательно в данный момент (началось и продолжается) The kettle is boiling. Can you turn it off, please? Listen to those people. What language are they speaking? "Where is Tom?" "He's playing tennis." What are you doing here? Silvia is in Britain for three months. She's learning English. Present Simple (I do) используется: когда говорим: о повторяющемся действии или о действии вообще (не в прогрессе). Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. Excuse me. Do you speak English? Tom plays tennis every Saturday. What do you do? (What's your job?) Most people learn to swim when they are children.

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В этом упражнении вы должны определить, правильно ли использовано время глагола. Глагол подчеркнут. Например: I don't know your telephone number. ..............................Right. Please don't make so much noise. I study.......................Wrong Графа для проверки 1) Look! Somebody is climbing up that tree over there. 2) Can you hear those people? What do they talk about? 3) Are you believing in God? 4) Look! That man tries to open the door of your car. 5) The moon goes round the earth. 6) I'm thinking it would be a good idea to leave early. 7) The government is worried because the number of people without job is increasing. 8) I'm usually going to work by car.

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