Botkin’s disease


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Botkin’s disease


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Content Definition Causes of the disease Signs and Symptoms Treatment Prevention


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Infectious hepatitis — a widespread acute contagious disease. It is also called by the name of an infectious disease of the largest representative of the Russian clinical medicine, the second half of XIX century, who first identified as an independent infectious hepatitis disease. One of the brightest and most common signs of hepatitis is jaundice. So in the old days it was called catarrhal jaundice, infectious jaundice.


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Definition Botkin’s Disease - a viral disease that destroys the liver and bile ducts. Another definition of Botkin's disease is - viral hepatitis. There are 3 forms of the disease on this chart.


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Anatomy of the Liver


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How big is the liver? The liver is the LARGEST internal organ!!! In young children: about the size of a grapefruit In adults: about the size of a football


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The disease is a liver disease — this most important body in which the vital processes. The liver is called the main laboratory of the human body, as it plays a pivotal role in the complex processes of metabolism. Here are synthesized various necessary for the body: proteins, cholesterol, glycogen, enzymes, and many others, here are split and disposal of toxic waste products of metabolism. The liver secretes bile that is involved in the act of digestion. The value of the liver to the body vividly illustrated by the experience in the dog: the removal of the body inevitably after a few days in the death of an animal with symptoms of poisoning by toxic products of the gravest violation of the exchange.


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Healthy Liver vs. Sick Liver This is a healthy liver This is a sick, scarred liver (cirrhosis)


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Causes of the disease Viruses Alcohol Drugs/prescriptions Herbs Genetic disorders Obesity Tattoos Blood transfusion


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Signs and Symptoms Most people have no symptoms. Symptoms can include: Loss of appetite Fever Stomach-ache Diarrhea Dark urine Jaundice (yellow skin and eyes) Fatigue Joint pains Depression


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Yellow skin Yellow eyes


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Infectious hepatitis can occur at any age and is particularly common in children, approximately 40% of all diseases are children under the age of 6 years and 20% — for children aged 7 to 14 years. Once infected with hepatitis is an incubation period usually lasts from 15 to 50 days. In some cases, which will be discussed separately, prolonged latent period of 3-6 months.


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Treatment Combination of 3 drugs: interferon, ribavirin and a protease inhibitor Kill the virus Entering vitamins: B12, B6 Give a lot of juice, tea Stop scarring of the liver Prevent cirrhosis Get rid of the fatigue and other symptoms


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Prevention Vaccination Personal hygiene To wash your hands frequently, especially after using public facilities


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