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СЛОВООБРАЗОВАНИЕ В АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ (СУФФИКСАЦИЯ) Автор-составитель: Зыбина О.А., учитель английского языка МБОУ «Лицей №1» Киселевского городского округа

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Образование существительных, обозначающих лицо, которое занимается определенной деятельностью глагол + -er/or/ar существительное/глагол/ прилагательное + -ist глагол + -ant/ent существительное + -(i)an глагол + -ee (пассивность) teacher (учитель), sailor (моряк), beggar (попрошайка) motorist (автолюбитель), tourist (турист), nationalist (националист) contestant (конкурсант), student (учащийся) republican (республиканец), librarian (библиотекарь) trainee (стажёр), employee (работник по найму)

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Правила написания to drive – driver to cook – cooker run + er – runner biology + ist - biologist piano + ist - pianist physics + ist - physicist

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глагол + -er/or/ar catch cook drive govern instruct invent lead manage organize own catcher cooker driver governor instructor inventor leader manager organizer owner

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существительное/глагол/прилагательное + -ist/-ast art biology caricature cycle economy ego guitar gym piano artist biologist сaricaturist сyclist economist egoist guitarist gymnast pianist

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глагол + - ant/ent assist – помогать inhabit – населять participate – участвовать serve – служить assistant inhabitant participant servant

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существительное + -(i)an (национальность, звание, профессия) academy electricity History magic policy Russia tactics technics Ukrain academician electrician Historian magician politician Russian tactician technician Ukrainian

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глагол + -ее ( лицо, на которое направлено действие) to abandon – отказываться от права собственности to adopt – усыновлять to address – обращаться to grant – дарить to license - разрешать to pay – платить to train – обучать to refuge – давать убежище abandonee adoptee addressee grantee licensee payee trainee refugee

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существительное/глагол/прилагательное + -ist/-ast/ -er/or/ar human illusion machine physics produce provide report ride science settle teach telephone theory travel humanist illusionist machinist physicist producer provider reporter rider scientist settler teacher telephonist theorist traveler

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Образуйте от данных существительных глаголы и переведите их на русский язык to act to compose to conduct to direct to fight to found to invent to mine to sail to sleep to speak to visit actor composer conductor director fighter founder inventor miner sailor sleeper speaker visitor

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Образуйте от данных слов существительные и прилагательные, переведите их на русский язык Canada capital Hungary international special social statistics guard - охрана mathematics music physic - лекарство Canadian capitalist Hungarian internationalist specialist socialist statistician guardian – опекун mathematician musician physician – врач

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1 mathematician 2 editor 3 writer 4 assistant Alan Alexander Milne, the youngest of the family’s three sons, went to Westminster School at the age of 11 and then went on to Cambridge to become a (1)__________ . But he never did. Instead he became an (2)_________ of the university journal “Granta” in which he published some of his light humorous poems. Then he went to London hoping to earn his living as a (3)_______. By and by London magazines began to publish his witty works, and in 1905 he published his first book, a shilling paper- back collection of humorous essays. Aged only 24 he was given a post of (4)________ editor of the famous magazine “Punch”. MATHEMATICS EDIT WRITE ASSIST Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста

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Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста There are amateur cricket clubs all over England, but there is a big difference between the amateur and the professional (1)_________. The amateur cannot get money for the game. The professional (2)_________ is in a much higher class. He has to learn many kinds of skills. He has to be an athlete, a (3) ________ and (4) ______ and turn like a (5)_______. He must be patient, and must not let other (6)_____________ be dishonest with him. CRICKET PLAY RUN JUMP GYM COMPETITION 1 cricketer 2 player 3 runner 4 jumper 5 gymnast 6 competitors

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Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста I always wanted to be a great (1)_________. I had the dreams of discovering a new drug that would save the lives of hundreds of (2)________. Unfortunately I was not a good (3)_________at chemistry and the (4)_________ used to be very cross with me. After a while I decided I would become an (5)________ and design an amazing new production which would become a household name. A few weeks later I had a brilliant idea for a pen that would write upside down. To my disappointment a friend of mine pointed out that I was not a (6)________. SCIENCE  PATIENCE STUDY TEACH INVENT PIONEERING 1 scientist 2 patients 3 student 4 teacher 5 inventor 6 pioneer

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РЕСУРСЫ Романова , Л.И. ЕГЭ. Английский язык. Грамматика и лексика / Л.И. Романова. – 2-е изд. – М.: Айрис-пресс, 2009 http://www.english-na-5.ru http://www.englishteachers.ru http://englishtips.org/ http://www.it-n.ru http://lib.repetitors.eu