Americans, Japanese: Mutual Respect 70 Years After the End of WWII

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Americans, Japanese: Mutual Respect 70 Years After the End of WWII

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May 31, 2015 2 www.pewresearch.org Methodology Survey in the U.S. from February 12-15, 2015 of 1,000 respondents. Survey in Japan from January 30 to February 12, 2015 of 1,000 respondents. Based on nationally representative telephone interviews with adults 18 and older conducted under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The margin of sampling error for the U.S. is ±3.6% and ±3.2% for Japan.

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May 31, 2015 3 www.pewresearch.org Americans, Japanese Trust Each Other, Both Wary of China, Differ on Japan’s Military Role

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Comparative views of history May 31, 2015 4 www.pewresearch.org

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May 31, 2015 5 www.pewresearch.org Americans: WWII, Tsunami Most Important Events in U.S.-Japan Relations Which one of these events is most important to U.S.-Japan relations over the last 75 years?

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May 31, 2015 6 www.pewresearch.org More than Half of Americans and Japanese Put WWII Behind Them Has Japan apologized sufficiently for its actions during World War II? Note: 2013 question wording asks about Japan’s “military actions during the 1930s and 1940s.” Source: Japan data from Spring 2013 Global Attitudes survey.

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May 31, 2015 7 www.pewresearch.org But Japanese, Americans Disagree on Bombing of Hiroshima, Nagasaki Using the atomic bomb on Japanese cities in 1945 was … Note: Full question wording: “As you may know, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 near the end of World War II. Looking back, would you say using the atomic bomb on Japanese cities in 1945 was justified or was it not justified?”

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Broad, mutual respect May 31, 2015 8 www.pewresearch.org

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May 31, 2015 9 www.pewresearch.org Widespread American Trust in Japan U.S. can trust Japan a great deal/fair amount

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May 31, 2015 10 www.pewresearch.org Japan Trusted by Republicans, Democrats, Independents U.S. can trust Japan a great deal/fair amount

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May 31, 2015 11 www.pewresearch.org Among Japanese Similarly Widespread Trust in the U.S. Japan can trust the U.S. a great deal/fair amount

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The U.S.-Japan Economic relationship May 31, 2015 12 www.pewresearch.org

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May 31, 2015 13 www.pewresearch.org Americans Now See Japan as a Fair Trader Japan has a __ trade policy with the U.S. Note: 1997 data from “America’s Place in the World” survey. 1993 and 1989 data from the Times Mirror Center for the People & the Press.

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May 31, 2015 14 www.pewresearch.org Americans See Japan, Not China, as Fair Trader Japan/China has a __ trade policy with the U.S.

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The u.s., japan and china May 31, 2015 15 www.pewresearch.org

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May 31, 2015 16 www.pewresearch.org For Americans, China’s Rise Means Japan Relations Are More Important The rise of China as a military and economic power makes relations between the U.S. & Japan …

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May 31, 2015 17 www.pewresearch.org Nevertheless, Americans Want Stronger Economic Ties with China It is more important for the U.S. to have strong economic ties with …

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May 31, 2015 18 www.pewresearch.org And Americans Are Divided on Japan’s Future Military Role in Asia Japan should __ in helping to maintain peace and stability in regional affairs

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The U.S.-Japan relationship through each others’ eyes May 31, 2015 19 www.pewresearch.org

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May 31, 2015 20 www.pewresearch.org Americans, Japanese See Each Other Through Different Lenses Which characteristics do you associate with __

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May 31, 2015 21 www.pewresearch.org For Americans, the First Thing about Japan that Comes to Mind Is … What is the first thing that comes to mind when you think of Japan? Out of 1,000 Americans surveyed, number saying … Note: These are the numbers of respondents who offered each of the top responses. These are NOT percentages. Distinct words or phrases mentioned by at least 15 people shown.