'

Social Studies - Transnational Terrorism

Понравилась презентация – покажи это...





Слайд 0

How did it become our problem?


Слайд 1


Слайд 2

Osama Bin Laden and Al-Qaeda Now that he’s dead, is Al-Qaeda still dangerous?


Слайд 3

Osama Bin Laden created Al-Qaeda (Arabic for ‘the base’) in 1989. It is an organisation of Arabs who volunteered to fight the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980’s.


Слайд 4


Слайд 5

The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990! Osama Bin Laden (OSL) was unhappy because: The Saudi government rejected his offer to defend Saudi Arabia from Saddam Hussein (and asked the UN for help instead).


Слайд 6

The Saudi government allowed foreigners/ non-muslims on ‘Holy Land’ (‘Desert Storm’ and ‘Desert Shield’). As a result, he began directing AlQaeda to fight the Saudi government, the USA and any US allies.


Слайд 7

Why are they considered Muslim Extremists? Why are they considered terrorists?


Слайд 8

MUSLIM EXTREMISM My version of Islam is different from most Muslim’s version.


Слайд 9

allows me to use violence/ kill to achieve the goals of my religion (God approves). clearly states that if I die for my religion, I will go to ‘heaven’ and be rewarded there. excuses the murder of innocents (including civilians, the elderly, women and children) as long as they are not Muslim, and come from countries that support the USA.


Слайд 10

Wage a ‘Holy War’ (Jihad) against the USA and her allies. Expel all foreign troops from the ‘Holy Land’ (Saudi Arabia). Eradicate all other types of Muslim believers. Establish a pan-Islamic state in the Middle East. Eradicate the Jewish state of Israel and return their land to the Palestinians.


Слайд 11


Слайд 12


Слайд 13


Слайд 14

The whole region (called Palestine) was under the European colonial powers (British, French German etc.). Apart from a few historical incidents, the relations between the Jews and the Arab Muslims were mostly peaceful. Christians 10% Others 1% Jews 11% 1922 Muslim 78%


Слайд 15

There was a growing number of European Jewish immigrants that were arriving in the Palestine. They were desperate to escape.


Слайд 16

Nazi Adolf Hitler


Слайд 17

As the news of the ‘Holocaust’ is revealed, there is worldwide sympathy for the Jews. Thus, the UN decides to divide up Palestine in order to grant the Jews a homeland of their own.


Слайд 18


Слайд 19


Слайд 20

The Arab Palestinians refuse to accept the UN ruling. Street riots and violence against Jews in Palestine begins. th 14 May 1948 The British leave the Palestine and grants independence to the new Jewish state; Israel is born!


Слайд 21

1.15th May 1948 1st Arab-Israeli War: 5 neighbouring Arab states attack Israel. 2.1967 2nd Arab-Israeli War (The 6-Day War) 3.1973 3rd Arab-Israeli War (The ‘Yom Kippur’ War)


Слайд 22

Jordan and Egypt have officially made peace with Israel, most other Arab states have backed off and no longer threaten Israel. Palestinian Arabs still refuse to accept any 2 State Solution. • They formed the P(alestinian) L(iberation) O(rganisation) to continue fighting the Israelis through acts of terrorism.


Слайд 23


Слайд 24

We deserve a country of our own. We have a right to have a country here in Palestine because it is mentioned in our holy book: The Talmud We deserve a country of our own because we have been persecuted for thousands of years in other countries as immigrants. We are willing to give up land to give the Palestinian Arabs their own country too, but only according to the UN partition in 1947.


Слайд 25


Слайд 26

We deserve a country of our own. The Jews have no right to be here, this is our land. The UN and the British had no right to give away land that was not theirs. We will NEVER accept the partition of Palestine into 2 Jewish and Palestinian Arab states. We will fight in any way possible to get the Jews out of our land and to destroy the state of Israel.


Слайд 27


Слайд 28

The Jews have no right to be in the Palestine. Since our Arab Muslim brothers are being kicked out of their land by the Jews, we will help them fight the Jews in any way possible, but especially through training and funding for acts of terrorism. Since the USA is supporting Israel, then they are also my enemy and I will fight them in any way possible.


Слайд 29

Wage a ‘Holy War’ (Jihad) against the USA and her allies. Expel all foreign troops from the ‘Holy Land’ (Saudi Arabia). Eradicate all other types of Muslim believers. Establish a pan-Islamic state in the Middle East. Eradicate the Jewish state of Israel and return their land to the Palestinians.


Слайд 30

Through the years from 1990 onwards, Al-Qaeda and Osama Bin Laden gradually the frequency and scale of their attacks on the USA…


Слайд 31

Until They were so well-trained, well-funded and wellorganised, they were able to carry out the biggest terrorist attack of all time…


Слайд 32


Слайд 33

After 9/11, the US government (under George W Bush) declared a ‘War on Terror’ and invaded Afghanistan. Al Qaeda’s ability to launch direct attacks has been badly affected as many of their leaders and members were slowly caught and arrested.


Слайд 34

They are still dangerous as now as they have changed their mode of operations. Now, Al Qaeda provides funding and training for other terrorist groups that share their goals.


Слайд 35


Слайд 36

ASEAN Convention on Counter Terrorism


Слайд 37

Follow me on @slideshare. @gohbangrui Goh Bang Rui bit.ly/gohbangrui


Слайд 38


×

HTML:





Ссылка: