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ABORTION making the case
THE PRO-LIFE ARGUMENT elective abortion unjustly takes the life of an innocent human being.
PREMISE #1 intentionally killing an innocent human being is a moral wrong.
PREMISE #2 elective abortion is the intentional killing of an innocent human being.
CONCLUSION therefore, elective abortion is a moral wrong.
if the pre-born child is an innocent human being, then elective abortion is always a moral wrong. SUMMARY
THE BIG QUESTION is the pre-born human?
If the unborn is not human, no justiﬁcation for elective abortion is necessary. But if the unborn is human, no justiﬁcation for elective abortion is adequate. GREG KOUKL
ELEC TIVE ABORTION I S A MORAL WRONG we can make the case through: science history human rights
MAKING THE CASE science
SCIENCE SAYS the pre-born is human
the pre-born has all the characteristics of a human being
FOUR CHARACTERISTICS of the pre-born child
COMPLETE the pre-born child is complete: all the information it needs is there and it simply needs time to grow.
COMPLETE UNIQUE the pre-born child is unique: it is not a part of its mother, but is genetically distinct from her.
COMPLETE UNIQUE LIVING the pre-born child is living: it is growing, developing, undergoing metabolism, and responding to stimuli.
COMPLETE UNIQUE LIVING HUMAN the pre-born child is human: living things always produce after their own kind, so humans beget complete, unique human beings.
SO HOW IS THE PRE-BORN different?
S.L.E.D. S.L.E.D. was created by Stephen Schwarz
SIZE the pre-born is smaller than born humans (but size doesn’t determine our humanity).
SIZE LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT the pre-born is less developed than the born human (but our level of development doesn’t determine our humanity).
SIZE LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENT the pre-born is in a diﬀerent place than the born human (but where we are doesn’t determine what we are).
SIZE LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENT DEGREE OF DEPENDENCY the pre-born is more dependent on its mother than the born human (but our degree of dependency doesn’t determine our humanity).
humanity is not dependent on: size level of development environment degree of dependency.
therefore, the pre-born is a complete and unique HUM AN BE ING .
here’s a helpful tactic: trot out the toddler Note: “Trot out the Toddler” was created by Scott Klusendorf
much of what is true of the pre-born is also true of the toddler.
toddlers diﬀer from adults in size, level of development, environment, and degree of dependency.
can we kill a toddler we do not want? can we kill a toddler with developmental abnormalities?
if it isn’t justiﬁed for the toddler, it isn’t justiﬁed for the pre-born child.
THE C ONCLUSION FROM SCIENCE: the pre-born is human
MAKING THE CASE history
HISTORY SAYS we must not separate humanity from personhood
abortion says some humans are not persons.
history proves that we only ever separate personhood from humanity for nefarious purposes.
1858 Virginia Supreme Court “in the eyes of the law… the slave is not a person.”
1881 American Law Review “an Indian is not a person within the meaning of the constitution.”
1928 Canada Supreme Court “the meaning of ‘qualiﬁed persons’ does not include women.”
1936 Germany Supreme Court “the Reichgericht itself refused to recognize Jews… as ‘persons’ in the legal sense.”
1997 Canada Supreme Court “The law of Canada does not recognize the unborn child as a legal person possessing rights.”
we never separate humanity from personhood for good reasons.
a living human being is a person, no matter what the law says.
the slave is a person the Indian is a person the woman is a person the Jew is a person.
the pre-born child is a person no matter what the law says no matter what society says no matter what politics says.
THE C ONCLUSION FROM HISTORY we must not separate humanity from personhood
MAKING THE CASE human rights
HUM AN RIGHTS SAYS the pre-born has the right to life
if you believe in universal human rights, you must believe that human rights belong to all humans.
United Nations Declaration of Universal Human Rights “everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.” ! “everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.”
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights “every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life.”
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms “everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of the person and the right not to be deprived thereof…”
if human life begins at fertilization, human rights must begin at fertilization.
but, from fertilization, the pre-born child is denied the most basic human right: the right to live.
This is a gross violation of human rights.
THE CONCLUSION FROM HU MAN RIG HTS the pre-born has the right to life
THE CONCLUSION FROM science & history & human rights because the pre-born child is a human being, elective abortion is always a moral wrong
Silence in the face of evil is itself evil. God will not hold us guiltless. Not to speak is to speak. Not to act is to act. DIETRICH BONHOEFFER
RECOMMENDED RESOURCES ! Abortion by R.C. Sproul Why Pro-Life? by Randy Alcorn Innocent Blood by John Ensor The Case for Life by Scott Klusendorf prepared by Tim Challies & André Schutten www.challies.com