'

Gentle Writing Advice…

Понравилась презентация – покажи это...





Слайд 0

Gentle Writing Advice… Academic Writing Do’s


Слайд 1

Note: This presentation is animated. Please use “Slide Show” to view these notes. Click for next ?


Слайд 2

Use ACTIVE VOICE Do:


Слайд 3

CDo: Use Active Voice subject verb subject verb Active voice = the subject does the action: The cat shredded the toilet paper. The students planned the ceremony. Tonya cooked dinner.


Слайд 4

CDo: Use Active Voice Passive voice = the subject receives action: The toilet paper was shredded by the cat. The ceremony was planned by the students . Dinner was cooked by Tonya.


Слайд 5

Appeal to the audience Do:


Слайд 6

CDo: Appeal to the audience Comedians make everyday topics appealing to an audience. Anticipate the reader’s reactions to each section of your essay.


Слайд 7

Proofread your work Do:


Слайд 8

CDo: Proofread for errors Errors hurt communication of ideas.


Слайд 9

Run spell-check to catch typographical errors. Poor grammar will hurt your grade in most classes. CDo: Proofread for errors


Слайд 10

C Do: Write Concise Sentences


Слайд 11

CDo: Write concise sentences Use fewer prepositions (to, of, in, from, for) to of in from for


Слайд 12

CDo: Write concise sentences Use fewer be-verbs (is, are, was, were) is are was were


Слайд 13

CDo: Write concise sentences No? The type of student in ENG 112 class is one who writes essays that are formal and academic. Yes? An ENG 112 student writes formal, academic essays.


Слайд 14

C Do: Vary Sentence Length


Слайд 15

C Do: Vary your sentence length Use short sentences to emphasize important ideas. Long long long long long long long long long long long long long; long, long long long long. Short short short short. Long long long long long long long long long long long long. Give your audience occasional breaks from long sentences.


Слайд 16

C Do: Follow Assignment Guidelines


Слайд 17

CDo: Follow all assignment guidelines Instructors expect students to follow all assignment guidelines. I think I’ll just make up my own assignment! Bad idea!!


Слайд 18

C Do: Use concrete, vivid descriptions


Слайд 19

CDo: Use concrete, vivid descriptions The pigsty example…


Слайд 20

CDo: Use concrete, vivid descriptions Imagine someone saying, “Wow, your place is a real pigsty!”


Слайд 21

CDo: Use concrete, vivid descriptions Pigsty? What does that mean?


Слайд 22

CDo: Use concrete, vivid descriptions People have different concepts of what a “pigsty” is.


Слайд 23

CDo: Use concrete, vivid descriptions When writing, merely saying, “The room was a pigsty” is not enough to convince your audience that you do indeed have a true pigsty on your hands.


Слайд 24

CDo: Use concrete, vivid descriptions Pigsty = the room had not been vacuumed or dusted in a week. Pigsty = 3 rumpled outfits on the bed and a spilled make-up bag on the dresser FACT: Not all pigsties are created equal.


Слайд 25

Pigsty = Ten years of brittle, yellowed papers were piled on the floor. Pizza boxes created makeshift tables for stacks of moldy fried chicken bones. The furniture dancing with insects, and each drawer had a beard of dust. CDo: Use concrete, vivid descriptions


Слайд 26

Academic Writing Don’ts Gentle Writing Advice…


Слайд 27

D Do not: Use cliches


Слайд 28

DDo not: Use cliches “Beating around the bush”


Слайд 29

DDo not: Use cliches “Everything happens for a reason”


Слайд 30

DDo not: Use cliches “Dead as a doornail”


Слайд 31

DDo not: Use cliches Don’t judge a book by its cover Last but not least What goes around comes around Sick as a dog Sweet as honey Old as the hills (Many cliches exist… these are just examples)


Слайд 32

D Do not: Make announcements to the reader


Слайд 33

DDo not: Make announcements “In this essay I will…”


Слайд 34

D Do not: Address the reader as “YOU”


Слайд 35

D Do not: Use “you” Q: What’s wrong with “YOU”? A: It does not apply to everyone, and therefore writers exclude many of their readers.


Слайд 36

D Do not: Use “you” Who, ME? When you put on your fluffy wings, you feel at peace. The snowflakes hitting your body make you feel pretty and sparkly.


Слайд 37

D Do not: Use “you” Who, ME? Seeing a sign like this makes you wonder why people would dislike you just because you are a shaven head child pick pocket. Perhaps you should wear a disguise so you don’t look like the picture on the sign.


Слайд 38

D Do not: Use “you” Who, ME? When you pose for a family portrait in Winnie the Pooh costumes, you may be surprised at the reactions people have to your photo….


Слайд 39

YOU D Do not: Use “you”


Слайд 40

D Do not: Use “There are”/ “There is”


Слайд 41

DDo not: Use Weak Fillers Weak Fillers= There are There were There is There was This is This was It is It was


Слайд 42

No? There are many different classes offered at TCC. Yes? TCC offers many different classes. DDo not: Use Weak Fillers


Слайд 43

No? It is necessary for employees to lock their desks. Yes? Employees must lock their desks. DDo not: Use Weak Fillers It is


Слайд 44

D Do not: Say “I think” or “I feel” or “in my opinion”


Слайд 45

DDo Not: Say “I think” or “I feel” or “in my opinion” If your name is on the paper, your reader knows that any opinions expressed in it are yours.


Слайд 46

DDo Not: Say “I think” or “I feel” or “in my opinion” No need to say? I think iguanas make great pets. Just say? Iguanas make great pets.


Слайд 47

D Do not: Use 5th grade words


Слайд 48

DDo not: Use 5th grade words AVOID the word: thing(s) (use a noun/say what you mean)


Слайд 49

Thing / Things Many things in the room look dirty. I studied the wrong thing for the test. We learned many things in class. items information for the facts new ideas


Слайд 50

AVOID the words: get /got (received, arrived, became) DDo not: Use 5th grade words


Слайд 51

Get / Got John got many gifts for Christmas. The ambulance got here quickly. When I get back, we should talk. Sophia got her shoes online. received many arrived return, bought


Слайд 52

AVOID the word: hard (difficult, frustrating, confusing…) DDo not: Use 5th grade words


Слайд 53

Hard The final exam was hard. Algebra is a hard subject for me difficult. challenging subject for me. frustrating, perplexing, complicated


Слайд 54

AVOID the words: alot (a lot) till (until) DDo not: Use 5th grade words


Слайд 55

AVOID the words: stuff (possessions, boxes etc…) mad (angry, upset, enraged) DDo not: Use 5th grade words


Слайд 56

D Do not: Use “very”


Слайд 57

DDo not: Use “very” “Very” adds nothing to a description. In order to show intensity, use stronger words or figures of speech.


Слайд 58

His skin was very dry. His skin was so dry that he looked like a shedding snake. dry skin very very DDo not: Use “very”


Слайд 59

If someone is confused, he/she is confused. (Adding “very” does not change anything!) DDo not: Use “very”


Слайд 60

Use a stronger word and avoid “very” Very tired Exhausted DDo not: Use “very”


Слайд 61

And finally, avoid the worst opening line ever written… (unless your goal is to present yourself as a dull, unsophisticated writer…)


Слайд 62

This one line will destroy any hope for impressing a college professor with your essay… It’s DOOM for any essay…


Слайд 63

Ready…? (I had to force my fingers to type these words...cringe…)


Слайд 64

In today’s society, …


Слайд 65

Or worse… “In today’s society, there are many reasons why…”


Слайд 66

Remember to apply these Do’s & Don’ts to your writing… Start today! End of presentation


×

HTML:





Ссылка: