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PIVOTAL MOMENTS IN LEGAL HISTORY Key events in the evolution of law from the dawn of civilisation to today
2853 BC - EMPEROR FU XI Laid down the laws of humanity, establishing moral & social orders
1300 BC - THE TEN COMMANDMENTS In the bible written that God gave the 10 Commandments to Moses. An early statement of fundamental principles.
399 BC - SOCRATES TRIAL Early recorded trial with Socrates willing to die for his belief in espousing the truth as he sees it.
50 BC - CICERO THEORIES Cicero formulated that human beings should follow the natural law of reason - forming the basis of modern law.
871 AD - ALFRED THE GREAT Introduced the principle of trial by jury.
1215 AD - MAGNA CARTER The establishment that ‘no freeman should be deprived of life, liberty or poverty except by legal judgement…’
1679 AD - HABEAS CORPUS Prohibiting even a ruler operating outside the law preventing unlawful detention, or arbitrary imprisonment.
1804 AD - NAPOLEON’S CIVIL CODE Comprehensive Code of Civil Law enshrining principles of individual liberty and equality before the law.
1885 AD - A.V.DICEY BRITISH CONSTITUTION Book setting out the twin pillars of the primacy of Parliament and the Rule of Law, safeguarding the independence of the judiciary.
1959 AD - EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS Jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights over member states of the Council of Europe.
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