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What we need to know about EBOLA www.slideshop.com

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WHAT IS EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE (EVD)? The average EVD case fatality rate. Case fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks. Formerly known as Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever (EHF), EVD is a severe, often fatal illness in humans.

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chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys HOW WAS THE VIRUS ACQUIRED FROM ANIMALS? Ebolavirus Ecology It is thought that fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are natural Ebola virus hosts. Infected animals Human beings

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HOW DOES EBOLA SPREAD THROUGH HUMAN-TO-HUMAN TRANSMISSION? Direct contact through broken skin or mucous membranes with the following of infected people: Blood, vomit, sweat, saliva, urine, feces, and other body fluids

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WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF EVD? Symptoms appear anywhere between two and 21 days after exposure to the virus. Humans are not infectious until they develop symptoms. First symptoms: Secondary symptoms: fever fatigue, muscle pain, headache and sore throat vomiting, diarrhea, rash, symptoms of impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and external bleeding (e.g. oozing from the gums, blood in the stools) Day 1 5 10 15 20

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There is no approved vaccine or medicine available for Ebola, but various therapies are being evaluated. HOW IS EVD TREATED?

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HOW DO WE STOP EBOLA FROM SPREADING? Wildlife-to-human transmission Avoid eating raw meat of infected animals Handle animals with gloves and other protective clothing Cook animal meat thoroughly before eating Outbreak containment measures Bury the dead safely and promptly Identify people who may have been in contact with infected patients Monitor the health of contacts for 21 days Separate the healthy from the sick to prevent further spread Maintain good hygiene and clean environment Human-to-human transmission Avoid contact with infected people Use gloves and personal protective equipment when taking care of infected patients Wash hands thoroughly after hospital visits

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What we need to know about EBOLA Sources: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs103/en/ http://www.vox.com/2014/10/9/6905347/too-afraid-to-ask-about-ebola-virus-outbreak-symptoms http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/resources/virus-ecology.html

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