Health Information System (HIS): Its Importance and Components

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By Akumengwa Neba N. HS12A001 Department of Public Health an Hygiene MPH 611 Health Information System (HIS): Its Importance and Components

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Outline Introduction Goal Objectives Importance of HIS Components of HIS Assessment of HIS Conclusion Recommendations 2

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Introduction 3

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Goal Improve participant’s knowledge on health information system. 5

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General objective To highlight different aspects of a health information system Specific objectives To define terms related to health information systems. To outline the importance of a health information system To identify the various components of a health information system To describe the how a health information system is assessed 6

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Definitions Information System Provide specific information support to the decision-making process at each level of an organization (Winter, A. 2010) Health Information System (HIS) An information processing and storing subsystem of a health care organization.(Ibid) May be a single institution(a hospital) or a group of health care institutions (health care network) 7

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Importance of a Health Information System   Produces information needed by Patients, communities, service providers, programme managers, policy-makers, providers of funds, global agencies and organizations Information used for Better management, assess coverage and quality of services; costs and expenditures. Detect and control emerging and endemic health problems Monitor progress towards health goals; and promote equity. 8

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Importance of a Health Information System Strengthen the evidence base for effective health policies Improve management related to mobilizing new resources and ensure accountability of their use. 9

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Components of a HIS Inputs HIS resources Processes Indicators Data sources Data management Output Information products Dissemination and use 10

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Components of a HIS cont…. HIS resource Legislative, regulatory and planning frameworks Personnel, finances, logistics support, and ICTs. Indicators Determinants of health; health system inputs, outputs and outcomes. Data sources Censuses, civil registration and population surveys Individual records, service records and resource records 11

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Components of a HIS cont…. Data management Data collection, storage, quality-assurance and flow, processing, compilation and analysis Information products Data transformed into information for evidence and knowledge to shape health action Dissemination and use Making information readily accessible to decision-makers Communities 12

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Assessment of a HIS Health Metrics Network tool Use to assess components of HIS on a scale of 0-100% 0-24%=not adequate 25-49%= present but not adequate 50-74%= adequate 75-100%= highly adequate (WHO; HMN framework 2005) 13

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Assessment of HIS cont…. Cameroons HIS Assessment outcome 2007 places HIS at 45% i.e….. Characterized by Personnel with inadequate knowledge on HIS. Untimely and failure to report data Inadequate resources 14

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Conclusion Better and stronger HIS can resolved inadequacies in health systems. Awareness of the importance and components of a HIS is a prerequisite to all those involved with its activities Self -assessment of HIS is necessary for its strengthening and use for better decisions and better health. 15

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Recommendations Sensitization of stakeholders involved with the HIS on its importance and components Assignment of skilled personnel to the HIS unit accompanied by better remuneration The dissemination and use of information from the system for decision-making. More emphasis on electronic than paper-based data reporting 16

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References Winter A. Haux R. Ammenwerth E. Brigl B. Hellrung N. Jahn F. Health Information Systems- Architectures And Strategies. Health informatics, e-ISBN 978-1-84996-441-8. 2. Ed .London: Springer-Verlag London Limited: 2010. http://store.freecollege.org/noleech1.php (accessed 29 Jan 2014). Health Metrics Network. Version 4.00. Framework and standards for country health information systems: Assessing national HIS information dissemination and use. Geneva, World Health Organization: 2008. Lippeveld, Theo, R. Sauerborn, and C. Bodart. Design and Implementation of Health Information Systems. Health Information System Module. Geneva: WHO. 2000. World Health Organisation. Components of a strong health information system. A guide to the health metrics network framework. Geneva, World Health Organization: 2008 17

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