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CONFIDENTIALITY TRAINING Week 1 Discussion 2 Confidentiality MHA 690 Niah DeJesus HIPAA Law: Privacy and Security of Patient Health Information

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Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Provides protection and safeguards against the misuse of confidential patient health information. Two Part Protection Privacy Rule Protects individuals’ health information while allowing the flow of health information needed to provide and promote high quality health care. Security Rule Protects individuals’ health information while allowing covered entities to adopt new technologies to improve the quality and efficiency of patient care. 

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Covered Entities Who must follow the HIPAA Law? Health Plans Health Insurance Plan: Private and Government Programs HMOs and Company Health Plans Health Care Providers Hospitals, Clinics, Doctors, Nurses, Pharmacies, Dentists any provider that transmits information electronically Health Care Clearinghouses Entities that process nonstandard health information they receive from another entity into a standard (i.e., standard electronic format or data content), or vice versa. (HHS, 2014)

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What information must be protected? Information that is put into a patient’s medical record Conversations that you have with your patient Health insurance information Billing information

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How to ensure privacy compliance Follow safeguard policies. The use and disclosure of patient information must be necessary to accomplish care/treatments. Protect your log-in information. Ensure that you are signing in only when necessary to view your patients information during treatment. Log out before walking away from workstation. When speaking with patient and/or authorized individuals ensure that no unauthorized individuals can hear the conversation. Do not discuss patient information with unauthorized individuals.

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Penalties for Violating HIPAA Law Dependent upon severity of violation: Suspension or Termination of employment Civil Penalties: Fines up to $50,000 per violation Criminal Penalties: Fines from $50,000- $250,000 with the possibility of imprisonment from 1-10 years. (Mcgrory-Dixon, 2013)

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Final Remarks You are accountable for ensuring the privacy, confidentiality, and integrity of patients’ health information. Only access information for your patient and when necessary. Be mindful of workstations and closing patient information before walking away. Only discuss patient information with authorized individuals.

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References HHS. (2014). For Covered Entities and Business Associates. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Retrieved from http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/coveredentities/index.html Mcgrory-Dixon, A. (2013). HHS toughens HIPAA violation penalties. benefitspro. Retrieved from http://www.benefitspro.com/2013/04/09/hhs-toughens-hipaa-violation-penalties