'

Dr. Shalini Jain MOPT, Fellow L.V.Prasad Eye Inst(Hyd), Consultant Optom Yashoda Hospitals & Samyak Eye Care Clinic

Понравилась презентация – покажи это...





Слайд 0

Dr. Shalini Jain MOPT, Fellow L.V.Prasad Eye Inst(Hyd), Consultant Optom Yashoda Hospitals & Samyak Eye Care Clinic Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic & Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission Testing & Treatment for Learning Difficulties


Слайд 1

Vision related learning problems are more common than most parents and educators realize Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &22 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 2

Can Lead To A Misdiagnosis of Dyslexia or Other Learning Disabilities When vision problems go undetected Children have Trouble Reading Trouble doing their schoolwork Fatigue & Fidgeting Frustration in the classroom It is estimated that 80% of children with a learning disability have an undiagnosed vision problem. Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic & Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 3

Vision v/s Eye Sight Vision is a complex process Involves over 20 visual abilities More than 65% of all the pathways to the brain Undiagnosed vision problem can interfere with learning and lead to academic and / or behavioral problems.  It is important to know that these children frequently do not report symptoms because they think everyone sees the same way they do. Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &44 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 4

Vision and Learning Seeing is our dominant sense and our primary source for gathering information in learning Vision problems can have a profound effect on how we learn. Many children who experience academic difficulty may have a visual dysfunction in addition to their primary reading or learning dysfunction. These conditions are treatable. Many learning difficulties can be attributed to vision problems that are not detected during typical school vision screenings. Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &55 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 5

Vision 6 / 6 Not Enough Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &66 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission A vision check does not test A child's focusing ability Tracking Visual perception skills Many children pass their annual school vision screening or the pediatrician's eye chart but remain undiagnosed with problems of the visual system.


Слайд 6

Vision Assessment A vision screening Either at school  or The pediatrician's clinic Is not a substitute for a Complete eye and vision evaluation by an eye doctor who specializes in developmental vision. Early testing for vision problems is critical to mitigating learning disabilities or, in some cases, significant visual impairment in children Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &77 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 7

Physical Signs or Symptoms Frequent headaches or eyestrain Blurring of distance or near vision Avoidance of close work Poor judgment of depth Turning of an eye in or out / up or down Tendency to cover or close one eye Double vision Poor hand-eye coordination Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &88 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 8

Performance Problems Poor reading comprehension Difficulty copying from one place to another Loss of place, repetition and /or omission of words while reading Difficulty changing focus from distance to near and back again Poor posture when reading or writing Poor handwriting Can respond orally but can't get the same information down on paper Letter and / or word reversals difficulty judging sizes and shapes Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &99 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 9

Visual Abilities Needed For Learning Eye Teaming Tracking Focusing Visual Memory Visual Discrimination Gross Motor Eye-Body Coordination Fine Eye-Hand Coordination Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &1010 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 10

Eye Teaming Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &1111 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 11

Tracking Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &1212 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 12

Focusing Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &1313 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 13

Visual Memory Helps children remember what they read and see Children with poor visual memory may struggle with comprehension. Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &1414 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 14

Visual Discrimination Helps children distinguish between similarly spelled words, such as was/saw, then/when, on/one, or run/ran  Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &1515 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 15

Visual Sequential Memory Helps to remember forms or characters in correct order This skill is particularly important in Spelling Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &1616 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission Letter omissions, additions, or transpositions with in words are common for children who struggle with this skill


Слайд 16

Visual Spatial Relations Helps to distinguish differences among similar objects or forms Helps in understanding relationships and recognizing underlying concepts Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &1717 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission This area is closely related to the problem solving and conceptual skills required for higher level science and mathematics


Слайд 17

Visual Spatial Orientation Helps us with letter reversals Many parents and educators considered letter reversals after age seven to be a symptom of dyslexia Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &1818 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission The most common cause of reversals in older children is a lack of visual spatial development


Слайд 18

Visual Form Constancy Helps children distinguish differences in Size Shape Orientation Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &1919 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission Children with poor form-constancy may frequently reverse letters and numbers


Слайд 19

Visual Closure This skill helps children read and comprehend quickly Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &2020 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 20

Visual Figure Ground Children with poor figure-ground become easily confused with too much print on the page Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &2121 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission Affecting their Concentration , Attention , Scanning text to locate specific information 


Слайд 21

Gross Motor Eye-Body Coordination Allows children to use their visual systems for good body balance and coordination Children with poor eye-body skills may have difficulty in such areas as sports, learning to ride a bicycle, or general "clumsiness."  Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &2222 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 22

Fine Motor Eye-Hand Coordination Poor Eye-hand coordination may result in Poor handwriting Take longer to complete written assignments Become frustrated Lose Concentration Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &2323 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 23

Treatment Of Learning Related Visual Problems Appropriate Glasses for work & / or A regimen of Binocular Therapy Visual Integration to improve important Visual Skills Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic & Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 24

Vision Therapy or Vision Training “Remediating inadequate visual systems by improving function and performance” Programs typically involve Eye Exercises The Use of Lenses, Prisms, Filters, Occluders, Specialized Instruments Computer programs It involves a series of procedures carried out in both home and clinic settings Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic & Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 25

Goals of Vision Therapy Our primary goal is to provide Clearer, comfortable, efficient binocular vision. New foundations for increased self-confidence, self-esteem and visual awareness Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &2626 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 26

What Parents Can do to Help With Visual Development Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &2727 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 27

Summary Vision problems can and often do interfere with learning People at risk for learning-related vision problems should be evaluated by an optometrist who provides diagnostic and management services in this area Prompt remediation of learning-related vision problems enhances the ability of children and adults to perform to their full potential. People with learning problems require help from many disciplines to meet the learning challenges they face. Optometric involvement constitutes one aspect of the multidisciplinary management approach required to prepare the individual for lifelong learning.   Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &2828 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


Слайд 28

Take Home Message Confidential and proprietary information of Samyak Eye Clinic &2929 Opticals – Do not distribute or duplicate without Samyak eye clinic’s express written permission


×

HTML:





Ссылка: