The Healthcare Internet of Things: Rewards and Risks

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Must Build Security into Devices from the Outset Rather than as an Afterthought The Healthcare Internet of Things: Rewards and Risks

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Why Sponsor the Report? Developed by the Atlantic Council Sponsored by Intel Security Goals Educate the market on the evolution of healthcare to IoT connected devices Advise providers, manufacturers and governments on best way forward Inform on risks if security is not implemented 2 Age of the Possible

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Report Provides Recommendations Explores security challenges and societal opportunities for networked medical devices Provides recommendations for the industry, regulators, and the medical profession to maximize value to patients while minimizing the security challenges originating in software, firmware, and communication technology across networks and devices 3 Security Must be Built-In

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Societal Opportunities 48% of healthcare providers have integrated their IT systems with consumer technologies or operational technologies Deploying IoT in healthcare could result in $63 billion in global savings Less than 60% of healthcare providers have implemented security controls or a basic risk assessment for their IoT devices and networks 4 Healthcare IoT has Arrived

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Benefits of Networked Healthcare Consumer products for health monitoring - Wearable wrist bands send health stats wirelessly to user’s phone or computer, allowing people to monitor and improve their own health. Internally imbedded medical devices - Doctors can remotely monitor and maintain pacemakers to identify signs of problems before a heart attack Wearable external medical devices - Insulin pumps can be monitored and adjusted wirelessly, giving the patient more control—and better care 5 Improve Fitness, Medical Outcomes and Quality of Life

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Risks Personal data theft - Thieves can steal personal data by intercepting unencrypted data sent wirelessly from devices or unprotected networks Device tampering and network disruption - If a doctor can change settings remotely, then so could a criminal or terrorist Accidental failures - Network or device failures could have serious consequences for patients 6 We Need to Vaccinate Ourselves from Risks to Our Security and Privacy

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Recommendations Security must be built into healthcare ecosystem at the outset rather than as an afterthought; from the device, to the network, to communications and data center. Industry and government should implement an overarching set of security standards or best practices for devices to address underlying risks The regulatory approval paradigm for medical devices must change in order to incentivize innovations while enabling healthcare organizations to meet regulatory policy goals and protect the public interest There must be an independent voice for the public, especially patients and their families, to strike a balance among effectiveness, usability, and security when the device is implemented and operated 7 Foster Innovation while Minimizing Security Risks

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