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To Make Your Community Healthier…Try Density

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David Dixon FAIA Senior Principal, Stantec Leader, Stantec’s Urban Places Group November 4, 2014 CEOs for Cities National Meeting To Make Your Community Healthier…Try Density


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In the wake of 9/11 ‘Density kills….[It] is a problem that will grow only more explosive—or infectious…’ December 2001 “Blueprint for a Better City”


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Density saves lives Inactivity and poor diet, largely associated with auto-dependent, low-density environments, caused “300,000 deaths in the United States… second only to tobacco.” 1996 report issued by the Centers for Disease Control


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Density saves lives


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How density saves lives 150-200 Chronic health conditions per 100 people Miles per year 20,000-25,000 EXURBAN


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How density saves lives 150-200 Chronic health conditions per 100 people Miles per year 20,000-25,000 120-140 15,000-20,000 SUBURBAN EXURBAN


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How density saves lives 150-200 Chronic health conditions per 100 people Miles per year 20,000-25,000 120-140 15,000-20,000 100-120 5,000-10,000 URBAN SUBURBAN EXURBAN


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Not all densities are created equal


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Not all densities are created equal


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Walkable density: critical mass 1,000-2,000 housing units within a 5- to 10-minute walk brings a block of “Main Street” to life.


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Walkable density: 5-minute rule A mix of housing, shopping, recreation and other choices within a 5-minute walk builds quality of life and makes active transportation a viable choice for most people.


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Walkable density: 5-minute rule A mix of housing, shopping, recreation and other choices within a 5-minute walk builds quality of life and makes active transportation a viable choice for most people.


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Walkable density: 5-minute rule A mix of housing, shopping, recreation and other choices within a 5-minute walk builds quality of life and makes active transportation a viable choice for most people.


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Walkable density: public realm hierarchy A multilayered hiearchy, from the most interactive to the most personal spaces, builds community.


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Walkable density: every street has a job main streets (focus walkability) primary streets (walkability, connections) secondary streets (parking, service). Main Street Primary Street Secondary Street


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Walkable density: public benefits Use density bonuses to fund “public goods”—lively squares, transit, arts…and job training and affordable housing.


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Walkable density: public benefits Use density bonuses to fund “public goods”—lively squares, transit, arts…and job training and affordable housing.


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The Jane Jacobs paradox


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The Jane Jacobs paradox


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The Jane Jacobs paradox For the first time, more US poor live in suburbs than in cities. From 2000 to 2010, poverty grew 30% faster in Nashville’s suburbs than in the city.


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Stantec’s Urban Places Group


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Cities and regions New Orleans, LA: 20-Year Post-Katrina master plan


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Downtown revival Partnership produce results Why downtown now Downtown Albany Strategic Plan


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New suburban downtowns Dublin, OH: Bridge Street Corridor plan


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Stantec’s Urban Places Group Innovation communities Cambridge, MA: Kendall Square Plan


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Stantec’s Urban Places Group Transit-oriented districts Stamford, CT: Transit-oriented mixed-use redevelopment


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Stantec’s Urban Places Group Neighborhood revitalization Baltimore, MD: Choice Neighborhoods Mixed-Income Revitalization Plan


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Stantec’s Urban Places Group Urban infrastructure Washington, DC: Streetcar System Land Use and Equity master plan


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Stantec’s Urban Places Group By helping people manage the rising demand for urban life, we help shape more livable, equitable, and resilient communities.


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