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The Future of 3D Printing

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The future of 3D Printing


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Additive Manufacturing (AM), also known as 3D printing, has garnered widespread interest as a key component of the future of manufacturing 2 Deloitte University Press | The future of 3D Printing | @DU_Press #DeloitteReview Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved.


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Popular fascination with 3D printing has sparked a demand for education To address this need, Deloitte launched a massive open online course (MOOC) 3 Deloitte University Press | The future of 3D Printing | @DU_Press #DeloitteReview Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved.


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“3D opportunity: The course on additive manufacturing for business leaders” To learn more about the course, visit dupress.com July 2014 October 2014 more than 10,000 participants 4 Deloitte University Press | The future of 3D Printing | @DU_Press #DeloitteReview 2 session offerings Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved.


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One assignment invited participants to answer the following question: “What would I like to see additive manufacturing create next?” 5 Deloitte University Press | The future of 3D Printing | @DU_Press #DeloitteReview Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved.


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Over 600 students responded, agreeing overwhelmingly that AM will impact their businesses in the next 5 years… …and, more helpfully, explaining how 6 Deloitte University Press | The future of 3D Printing | @DU_Press #DeloitteReview Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved.


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Based on our MOOC participants’ responses, we see four paths for the future of 3D Printing Path I Stasis Path III Product Evolution Path II Supply Chain Evolution 7 Deloitte University Press | The future of 3D Printing | @DU_Press #DeloitteReview Path IV Business Model Evolution Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved.


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Path I Stasis “I would like to design and make architectural models using modern 3D designs and manufacturing. These models are often oneoffs, and additive manufacturing seems perfect for this process, which is normally labor-intensive. Large time and cost savings are expected.” 8 Deloitte University Press | The future of 3D Printing | @DU_Press #DeloitteReview Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved.


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Path I: Looking to march beyond • On path I, organizations aim to use AM to improve value delivery for current products and supply chains. • Uses such as this suggest that path I does offer significant value • Stakeholders pushing to move beyond this path may be looking to move forward in sophistication rather than remain on a stasis path that many have already mastered. 9 Deloitte University Press | The future of 3D Printing | @DU_Press #DeloitteReview APPLICATIONS building and construction aerospace and defense artistic purposes Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved.


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Path II Supply Chain Evolution “I would love to see the automotive industry disrupt its own logistics supply chain of service parts and accessories, allowing the dealer or the end customer to be able to produce OEM-quality product. It [AM] can definitely begin with nonfunctional items like grills or protective moldings and advance to spoilers, body kits, etc. The industry can cut out tremendous inventory, stocking, and supply chain coordination expense” 10 Deloitte University Press | The future of 3D Printing | @DU_Press #DeloitteReview Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved.


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Path II: Moving toward efficiency • Organizations pursuing path II are taking advantage of scale economics that AM offers as a potential enabler of supply chain transformation. • Evolving the supply chain through AM in this manner can reduce minimum efficient scale in production locations, alter traditional supply chains, and lower working capital requirements. 11 Deloitte University Press | The future of 3D Printing | @DU_Press #DeloitteReview APPLICATIONS automotive toys and games aerospace and defense Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved.


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Path III Product Evolution “What I want to see created using AM is not an object by itself but a range of top sporting gear like skateboards, snowboards, and tennis racquets—gear able to deliver the same or better quality than what we have today. I chose that because I think it is a wide niche and could enable us to create a great diversity of models for different purposes and tastes.” 12 Deloitte University Press | The future of 3D Printing | @DU_Press #DeloitteReview Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved.


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Path III: AM’s most popular pursuit • Companies that adopt path III look to improve product performance without necessarily rethinking supply chains • Stakeholders who pursue path III will look to improve product functionality as well as create entirely new products. Pursuing this path can offer significant opportunities to grow revenue in existing and new market segments through product innovations 13 Deloitte University Press | The future of 3D Printing | @DU_Press #DeloitteReview APPLICATIONS apparel and fashion energy and environment culinary and nutrition Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved.


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Path IV Business Model Evolution “My objects of desire are replacement parts for human organs, including heart and brain. I chose it because of its complexity and utility, and yet it’s not beyond the realm of imaginable for AM. That is because AM is similar to nature—kidneys are not made by machining a work piece. All living tissue is grown additively.” 14 Deloitte University Press | The future of 3D Printing | @DU_Press #DeloitteReview Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved.


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Path IV: The most ambitious applications • The fourth path sees companies altering both supply chains and products in the pursuit of new business models • Practitioners aspiring to follow path IV see similar opportunities: AM promises a combination of capabilities that include mass customizations, manufacturing at point of use/sale, supply chain disintermediation, and customer empowerment. 15 Deloitte University Press | The future of 3D Printing | @DU_Press #DeloitteReview APPLICATIONS medical technology building and construction smart technology Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved.


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Through aggregating insights of those impacted by AM we may observe where stakeholders want to see AM applied and how to assess the benefits these avenues of choice provide 16 Deloitte University Press | The future of 3D Printing | @DU_Press #DeloitteReview Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved.


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Read more in the latest Deloitte Review article Explore where stakeholders want to see additive manufacturing investments made. Download Subscribe Share your thoughts with the hashtag #DeloitteReview Follow @DU_Press on Twitter 17 Deloitte University Press | The future of 3D Printing | @DU_Press #DeloitteReview Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved.


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Meet the authors MARK COTTELEER Research director with Deloitte Services LP, affiliated with Deloitte’s Center for Integrated Research. His research focuses on operational and financial performance improvement HEATHER GRAY Senior manager with Deloitte Services LP, where she leads strategic thought leadership initiatives. TIM MURPHY Research manager with Deloitte Services LP. His research focuses on issues related to advanced technologies as well as the behavioral sciences and their impact on business management. 18 Deloitte University Press | The future of 3D Printing | @DU_Press #DeloitteReview Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved.


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Sign up for Deloitte University Press updates at http://www.dupress.com @DU_Press About Deloitte University Press Deloitte University Press publishes original articles, reports and periodicals that provide insights for businesses, the public sector and NGOs. Our goal is to draw upon research and experience from throughout our professional services organization, and that of coauthors in academia and business, to advance the conversation on a broad spectrum of topics of interest to executives and government leaders. Deloitte University Press is an imprint of Deloitte Development LLC. This publication contains general information only, and none of Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited, its member firms, or its and their affiliates are, by means of this publication, rendering accounting, business, financial, investment, legal, tax, or other professional advice or services. This publication is not a substitute for such professional advice or services, nor should it be used as a basis for any decision or action that may affect your finances or your business. Before making any decision or taking any action that may affect your finances or your business, you should consult a qualified professional adviser. None of Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited, its member firms, or its and their respective affiliates shall be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained by any person who relies on this publication. About Deloitte Deloitte refers to one or more of Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited, a UK private company limited by guarantee, and its network of member firms, each of which is a legally separate and independent entity. Please see www.deloitte.com/about for a detailed description of the legal structure of Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited and its member firms. Please see www.deloitte.com/us/about for a detailed description of the legal structure of Deloitte LLP and its subsidiaries. Certain services may not be available to attest clients under the rules and regulations of public accounting. Copyright © 2015 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved. Member of Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited


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