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will 3d Printing change everything?

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will 3d Printing change everything? embracing disruptive innovation: Martina Francesca Ferracane Policy Analyst at ECIPE European BusinesS summit, 6 May 2015


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1. What is 3d Printing 2. 3D printing todAY 3. FUTURE APPLICATIONS 4. INDUSTRY 4.1 5. policy implications outline


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what is 3d printing? Any technology that builds objects layer-by-layer (additive Manufacturing VS Subtractive Manufacturing) - 90% decrease in price for a home 3d printer in the last 4 years 34% compound annual growth rate over the last three years 4x increase in revenues in last 10 years


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advantages over traditional manufacturing 3D PRINTING TODAY Ideally suited for: - low-volume production - Customized Products Complex designs high cost delivery Urgency situations From design, procurement, molds, welding, assembly… to design and production!


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Main applications 3D PRINTING TODAY


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Main application: Rapid Prototyping economies of scale Matter almost nothing Fast and Low cost iteration - Acceleration time to market Weeks and thousands $ 8 hours and 100$ VS 3D PRINTING TODAY


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3D PRINTING TODAY Source: Grand View Research, Dec 2013 Main sector: automotive - Prototyping - Material Waste - Testing


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aerospace sector: 100k Additive parts will be manufactured by Ge Aviation by 2020 3D PRINTING TODAY Fuel nozzles are 5x stronger 5x fewer brazes and welds 50% lower nox emissions Ceramic matrix 20% higher temperature capability than metal 2/3 lighter than metal equivalent up to $1.6 million savings in fuel costs per airplane per year


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medical Sector: Customised implants and products 3D PRINTING TODAY over 15 million 3D printed hearing aids in circulation today more than 1.5 million direct metal copings and bridges in 2013 invasive and/or implementable medical devices such as artificial limbs, cranial implants and other prostheses start to spread CAGR of 19.3% from 2013 to 2020


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3D PRINTING TODAY Source: Deloitte, 2015


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FUTURE APPLICATIONS Source: McKinsey, 2013


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Next generation of Customisation: Mass Customisation FUTURE APPLICATIONS Amazon tool for personalised 3D printing


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Mass customisation: disintermediation of retail channel FUTURE APPLICATIONS


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Mass customisation: disintermediation of retail channel FUTURE APPLICATIONS


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“Every 30 seconds a patient who could have been saved with tissue replacement dies instead” Benjamin Harrison, 2013 FUTURE APPLICATIONS Source: Ted Talk Bioprinting


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Pharma: drug testing & Personalised drugs FUTURE APPLICATIONS


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Food printing and personalised Nutrition FUTURE APPLICATIONS Source: Fortune Website “When people first heard about microwaves they didn’t understand the technology (…). We see the same thing happening with 3D food printing” CEO Natural Machines


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FUTURE APPLICATIONS Other applications Electronics DYI (Personal fabrication) Fashion Jewellery Advanced Architecture


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FUTURE APPLICATIONS Other applications Electronics DYI (Personal fabrication) Fashion Jewellery Advanced Architecture Sales of personal 3D printers grew 200 to 400 percent every year between 2007 and 2011.


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FUTURE APPLICATIONS Other applications


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FUTURE APPLICATIONS Other applications Electronics DYI (Personal fabrication) Fashion Jewellery Advanced Architecture


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FUTURE APPLICATIONS Other applications


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FUTURE APPLICATIONS Other applications Electronics DYI (Personal fabrication) Fashion Jewellery Advanced Architecture


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FUTURE APPLICATIONS Other applications Electronics DYI (Personal fabrication) Fashion Jewellery Advanced Architecture


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Industry 4.1 Dispatch or pick up locally online Customisation according to personal taste or anatomy Local digital manufacturing Object uploaded in a web platform Production: on-demand Customized


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Industry 4.1 Source: 3D Printing: Second Edition (2014)


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Policy Implications Short term intellectual property (Fair use?) Taxation standards and testing safety of products (medical devices, food, organs…) Legal liability Medium/long term (Creative) Disruption manufacturing and retailing From GVC to re-localisation loss of employment ? Wealth beyond Gdp


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Policy Implications Creativity as the skill of the future: 3D printing in Schools 3D Printing Industry Website


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“Every once in a while a revolutionary product comes along that changes everything…” Steve Jobs


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Martina Francesca Ferracane emAIL: MARTINA.FERRACANE@ECIPE.ORG THANK YOU!


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