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The Magic of Mobile

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The Magic of Mobile 2015 | John Shehata @JShehata @JShehata - Mobile SEO


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Agenda Why Mobile, Why Now? Mobile: Site Architecture Mobile: Technical SEO Guidelines Mobile Ranking Factors User Experience Speed/Performance Broken Content Mobile Errors Mobile: App Indexing & Deep Linking Mobile: Analytics & Tools


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<Why Now?> John Shehata | @JShehata


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Mobile Usage Over Takes Desktop for the First Time in History Mobile Usage


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http://ssl.gstatic.com/think/docs/the-new-multi-screen-world-study_research-studies.pdf Read: http://moz.com/blog/why-mobile-matters-now Google Multi-Screen World


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Google/Search Engines May be Scaring your Mobile Users Away Mobile Scare


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“Google Mobile Queries May Surpass PC Search This Year” Matt Cutts SMX West, March 2014 Mobile Searches


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Search Is #1 Content Discovery Tool For Mobile Users Source: IAB, Harris @JShehata - Mobile SEO


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Mobile-First Design Initiative - Google


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“To improve the search experience for smartphone users and address their pain points, we plan to roll out several ranking changes in the near future that address sites that are misconfigured for smartphone users.“ Yoshikiyo Kato, Software Engineer, on behalf of Google Mobile Search Mobile Rankings


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@JShehata - Mobile SEO


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April 21 - Mobilegeddon Significant Mobile Ranking changes Mobile Friendly Pages Mobile Usability Errors App Indexing & in-app content (Started Already) No changes in Desktop Rankings Impact: How much traffic comes to your site from Mobile? @JShehata - Mobile SEO


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at a conference a Googler named Zineb Ait Bahajji recently stated they expect this update to impact more sites than Panda and Penguin have. Google recently started sending out mobile usability warning messages in bulk: Google systems have tested XX pages from your site and found that YY% of them have critical mobile usability errors. The errors on these XX pages severely affect how mobile users are able to experience your website. These pages will not be seen as mobile-friendly by Google Search, and will therefore be displayed and ranked appropriately for smartphone users. @JShehata - Mobile SEO


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Google Mobile Index At SMX West, Google’s Gary llyes surprised the crowd: Google already has plans for a separate mobile index and there is a team already working on it. He isn’t sure what stage they are at, so Google has nothing to announce about it at this time. (More here: Google is Working on Completely Separate Mobile Index From Desktop Index) @JShehata - Mobile SEO


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<Mobile: Technical Guidelines> John Shehata | @JShehata


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@JShehata - Mobile SEO


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@JShehata - Mobile SEO


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1 URL Easier to maintain Link Consolidation No Redirects > Reduce Loading Time Recommended By Google (saves resources, pages crawled once) Slower Same Mobile/Desktop Content 1. Responsive Sites


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Check Google Webmaster Tools Crawl Errors for Redirect & 404 Errors Allow Search Engines to crawl all assets (CSS, Images, JS) Check Page Load Time for Mobile and Desktop Optimize Speed Responsive Sites - SEO


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Be sure not to block the crawling of any page assets (CSS, JavaScript, and images) for any Googlebot using robots.txt or other methods. Being able to fully access these external files will help our algorithms detect your site's responsive web design configuration and treat it appropriately. @JShehata - Mobile SEO


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JavaScript JavaScript-adaptive: In this configuration, all devices are served the same HTML, CSS, and JavaScript content. When the JavaScript is executed on the device, the rendering or behavior of the site is altered. If a website requires JavaScript, this is Google’s recommended configuration. Combined detection: In this implementation, the website uses both JavaScript and server-side detection of device capabilities to serve different content to different devices. Dynamically-served JavaScript: In this configuration, all devices are served the same HTML, but the JavaScript is served from a URL that dynamically serves different JavaScript code depending on the device’s user-agent. Read: https://developers.google.com/webmasters/mobile-sites/mobile-seo/configurations/responsive-design @JShehata - Mobile SEO


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1 URL Link Consolidation Capacity for different mobile content Slower Higher Cost to maintain Old Redirect Lists Complex technical implementation Crawled Multiple Times 2. Dynamic Serving


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Use Vary HTTP header: It is a hint to search engines to send mobile-bots to crawl the pages too and discover the mobile content. It signals to caching servers used in ISPs and elsewhere that they should consider the user agent when deciding whether to serve the page from cache or not. Read: https://developers.google.com/webmasters/smartphone-sites/details Dynamic Serving


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Vary Header


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User-agent lists need constant maintenance and updating and will not match new user-agents. When matching user-agents, it's common to mismatch. A common mistake for sites is to unintentionally treat tablet devices as smartphones. Automatic Redirects and User-Agent Detection


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Don’t Cloak: When detecting the user-agent, the site should detect the device class or type by looking for the device name in the user-agent string; it should not be looking specifically for Googlebot (or any other bots). All Googlebot user-agents identify themselves as specific mobile devices, and you should treat these Googlebot user-agents exactly like you would treat these devices. Read: https://developers.google.com/webmasters/smartphone-sites/redirects Googlebot- Mobile User-Agents: https://developers.google.com/webmasters/smartphone-sites/googlebot-mobile Automatic Redirects and User-Agent Detection


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Using HTTP redirection (Recommended) Faster The redirection is done based on the user-agent in the HTTP request headers. It is important to keep the redirection consistent with the rel="alternate" tags It does not matter if the server redirects with an HTTP 301 or a 302 status code, but use of 302 is recommended whenever possible. (Matt and Maile recommended it) Redirection Techniques


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Using JavaScript redirects (Not Recommended) Slower The latency caused by the client side redirection (first page is downloaded, then JS is parsed and executed before triggering the redirect. Redirection Techniques


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Better Mobile Experience Faster Dedicated Mobile Content Easier Implementation Link Equity Dilution Higher Cost to maintain Crawled Multiple Times with different user agents 3. Dedicated Mobile Sites


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Dedicated Mobile Sites Bad for monetization of site When users share mobile URLs in social media and other places, and desktop users reach these URLs They get the mobile version of your site with less ads @JShehata - Mobile SEO


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On the desktop page, add: <link rel="alternate“ href="http://m.example.com/page-1" > On the mobile page, add: <link rel="canonical" href="http://www.example.com/page-1" > Add alternate tags to desktop xml sitemaps as well <loc>http://www.example.com/page-1/</loc> <xhtml:link     rel="alternate"     href="http://m.example.com/page-1" /> </url> Dedicated Mobile Sites


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Create XML Mobile Sitemaps Use (Screaming Frog) test spider, provide a list of desktop URLs, and change user-agent to mobile browser. Offer Users a way to override redirection (A link to full/Desktop site). Track Clicks!! Make Sure the mobile Site is Spider-able (robots.txt and meta tags) Dedicated Mobile Sites


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Responsive is not the answer to all problems and may not be suitable for your site/industry yet!! Googlebot-mobile is only used to crawl feature phones content Googlebot is used to crawl smartphones content Even though Google recommends Responsive implementations, they have been pretty clear that they will treat all mobile subdomains, dynamic serving, and responsive web designs (RWD) implementations the same (from a ranking perspective). If you have no mobile page, show the desktop page Read: http://googlewebmastercentral.blogspot.com/2014/01/a-new-googlebot-user-agent-for-crawling.html Word of caution


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Moving from separate URLs to Same URLs Use 301-redirects Moving from Same URLs to Separate URLs Use 302-redirects READ: https://developers.google.com/webmasters/smartphone-sites/change-configuration Changing configuration on smartphone websites


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Bing Ideally, there shouldn’t be a difference between the “mobile-friendly” URL and the “desktop” URL the site would automatically adjust to the device — content, layout, and all. That’s why we continue to recommend you use responsive designs over separate mobile (m.*) sites ensure a great experience for users on all devices and avoid compatibility, readability, and functionality issues.  http://blogs.bing.com/webmaster/2014/11/20/bing-and-mobile-friends/ http://blogs.bing.com/webmaster/2014/11/03/meet-our-mobile-bots/ @JShehata - Mobile SEO


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Google has no specific recommendations for search engine friendly sites. You can use any of the 3 approaches Serve tablet users the desktop version (or if available, the tablet version). Read: https://developers.google.com/webmasters/smartphone-sites/tablets Tablets


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<Mobile: Rankings> John Shehata | @JShehata


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SEO Traditional Ranking factors Important Ranking Factors Mobile Friendliness Mobile Usability Mobile Speed/Performance Negative Mobile SEO Factors Mobile Errors Broken Content Mobile Ranking Factors


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<Mobile: Friendliness> John Shehata | @JShehata


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Test your site @ Google Mobile-Friendly Test Tool https://www.google.com/webmasters/tools/mobile-friendly/ Blocked Internal Resources may prevent Google from recognizing your site as mobile-friendly site Page by Page April 21


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@JShehata - Mobile SEO


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<Mobile: Usability> John Shehata | @JShehata


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Avoid plugins (flash, Silverlight, Java, etc.) Configure the viewport <meta name=viewport content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1"> Size content to viewport Space out Touch Elements Use legible font sizes Size tap targets appropriately: “Design for Fat Fingers” Optimize User Experience


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@JShehata - Mobile SEO


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Multi-Device Design: https://developers.google.com/web/fundamentals/layouts/ 25 Principles of Mobile Site Design https://www.google.com/think/multiscreen/whitepaper-sitedesign.html Forms https://developers.google.com/web/fundamentals/input/form/ Forms auto-complete http://googlewebmastercentral.blogspot.com/2015/03/helping-users-fill-out-online-forms.html Mobile e-commerce Design http://www.kaushik.net/avinash/web-design-user-experience-best-practices/ READ:


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SMX Advanced 2014 @JShehata how many people have auto-fill markup on their mobile site forms? YES it is That’s not mobile!! Mobile Internet coming faster than most people in this room realize


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<Mobile: Speed / Performance> John Shehata | @JShehata


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Page speed is a ranking factor since 2010 Google Released a ton of tools and reports to help improve page speed @JShehata - Mobile SEO


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Google started testing “Slow” Red Labels How will this affect your CTR?? http://searchengineland.com/google-testing-red-slow-label-search-results-slower-sites-215483 @JShehata - Mobile SEO


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“80-90% of the end-user response time is spent on the frontend. Start There.” Steve Souders, Google’s Head Performance Engineer I.E. Backend actions (database queries, server delays and hardware limitations, …) only account for 10-20% of your load time!! Where to Start?


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Google PageSpeed Insights Tool


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Read: https://developers.google.com/web/fundamentals/performance/ Optimized rendering


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1 second load time for 'above-the-fold content' on mobile sites! Read: https://developers.google.com/speed/docs/insights/mobile Above-The-Fold (ATF) Content


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Avoid Multiple Redirects Example.com > www.example.com > m.example.com (slow mobile experience) Consolidate DNS requests Enable gzip Compressions (reduces up to 90%) Remove unnecessary / legacy code Optimize Images Proper formatting and compression Use Web fonts instead of encoding text in images Optimize Speed


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Improve server response time It should be Less than 200ms Leverage Browser Caching Set expiry date or maximum age Cache-Control: max-age=120 Prioritize Visible Content Structure your HTML to load the critical, above-the-fold content first Reduce the amount of data used by your resources Optimize Speed


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Eliminate ATF render-blocking JavaScript and CSS resources Faster above the fold content (inline CSS, JS) Optimize JavaScript Use Defer parsing JavaScript Asynchronously load JavaScript resources Avoid long running JavaScript Optimize CSS Use Put CSS in the document head Avoid CSS imports (@import) Inline render-blocking CSS Optimize Speed


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Make your mobile pages render in under one second http://calendar.perfplanet.com/2012/make-your-mobile-pages-render-in-under-one-second/ Mobile Analysis in PageSpeed Insights https://developers.google.com/speed/docs/insights/mobile Read Cindy Krum from Mozcon 2014 http://www.slideshare.net/mcordismarketing/five-secrets-to-unlocking-mobile-seo-success READ


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<Mobile: Errors> John Shehata | @JShehata


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“Avoiding these mistakes helps your smartphone users engage with your site fully and helps searchers find what they're looking for faster. To improve the search experience for smartphone users and address their pain points, we plan to roll out several ranking changes in the near future that address sites that are misconfigured for smartphone users.” 6/11/13 Google Webmaster Central Blog Mobile Errors


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First, Check Google Webmaster Tools Crawl Errors Mobile Errors


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Google Reporting Faulty Mobile Redirects http://googlewebmastercentral.blogspot.ca/2014/06/faulty-redirects.html Faulty Redirects


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Verify no flash is used for navigation, videos, or other elements on mobile pages. HTML5 is preferred for video players. Google warns users of incompatible sites. consider having the transcript of the video available on all devices as that may better serve your smartphone users. Unplayable Videos


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Avoid App Download Interstitials (use banners instead) interstitials x x ?


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Irrelevant cross-linking between desktop and mobile content Infinite redirect loops Googlebot-mobile > redirected to feature phones site > redirects to smartphone site > redirects to desktop site READ: https://developers.google.com/webmasters/smartphone-sites/common-mistakes Mobile Errors


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<Mobile: Broken Content> John Shehata | @JShehata


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Unplayable Videos Flash/Sliverlight Popups Sideway Scrolling Tiny Font/Buttons Device Specific Content Slow Pages Broken Content


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<Mobile: App Indexing> <Mobile: Deep-Linking> John Shehata | @JShehata


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https://developers.google.com/app-indexing/ App Indexing & Deep Links


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https://dev.twitter.com/docs/cards/app-installs-and-deep-linking <meta name="twitter:app:country" content="US"/> <meta name="twitter:app:name:iphone" content="Example App"/> <meta name="twitter:app:id:iphone" content="306934135"/> <meta name="twitter:app:url:iphone" content="example://action/5149e249222f9e600a7540ef"/> <meta name="twitter:app:name:ipad" content="Example App"/> <meta name="twitter:app:id:ipad" content="306934135"/> <meta name="twitter:app:url:ipad" content="example://action/5149e249222f9e600a7540ef"/> <meta name="twitter:app:name:googleplay" content="Example App"/> <meta name="twitter:app:id:googleplay" content="com.example.app"/> <meta name="twitter:app:url:googleplay" content="http://example.com/action/5149e249222f9e600a7540ef"/> Twitter: App Installs and Deep-Linking


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Android Deep Links – Errors Mismatched content (paginated pages, expired content, blocked resources) GWT errors You can track Google Traffic to Android App Deep Links errors


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Blocked internal resources may be an issue @JShehata - Mobile SEO


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@JShehata - Mobile SEO


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<Mobile: Social> John Shehata | @JShehata


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FB: 78% Of US Users Are Mobile Mobile: Social


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Check how your Social Media buttons appear in mobile Mobile: Social


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Dark Social Traffic (Apps Traffic is registered as Direct) Mobile: Social


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Mobile: Emails


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<Mobile: Analytics & Tools> John Shehata | @JShehata


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Page Timing


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Check Mobile Pages with high CTR to the Full Site <a href="http://www.example.com/page.html"  id="full-site-link">Full site</a> var fullSite =       document.getElementById('full-site-link');  addListener(fullSite, 'click', function() {    ga('send', 'event', 'Mobile site functionality',       'click', 'Full site');  }); Track Full-Site Links w/ Events


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Google Fetch


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https://developer.chrome.com/devtools/docs/mobile-emulation Emulating devices


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Google AdWords – Keyword Planner


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2013 2014 PIZZA


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Gas Station Local


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Chrome Emulation Developer Tools http://mobiletest.me/ http://www.mobilemoxie.com/tools/mobile_handset_emulator/ http://ipadpeek.com/ http://www.mobilephoneemulator.com/ http://mattkersley.com/responsive/ http://mobitest.akamai.com/ http://validator.w3.org/mobile/ Browser Extension user-agent switcher http://developers.google.com/speed/pagespeed/insights/ http://www.browserstack.com/screenshots http://crossbrowsertesting.com/ http://validator.w3.org/mobile/ More Tools


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<Mobile /> John Shehata | @JShehata


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Choose the site structure Wisely. Responsive is not the answer for all your problems!! Fix broken content and faulty redirects User experience is important Optimize above the fold rendering Local Businesses: Take Mobile Seriously Check your money/important rankings regularly in Mobile SERPs Check how your results look in mobile SERPs Mobile Ads & Mobile Landing Pages Mobile first doesn’t mean just mobile


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Thank You John Shehata | @JShehata John Shehata @Jshehata John-Shehata.com LinkedIn


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