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Who's Truly to Blame for the Greek Crisis?

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Ipsos European Pulse August 2015 The Crisis in Greece 1 © 2015 Ipsos.


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GREEK CRISIS: WHO’S TO BLAME? In all countries the Greek government is seen as most to blame for the Greek crisis, although views differ on the blame that other key actors share. For example, two thirds of people in Spain and Italy blame the German government, and three-quarters in France blame the EC 2 © 2015 Ipsos.


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IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Who’s to blame for the crisis in Greece? % saying ‘a great deal’ or ‘a fair amount’ 88% 58% 57% 56% 46% 39% The Greek government The International Monetary Fund The European Commission The Greek people The German Government Other European governments (such as France and Italy) HOW MUCH, IF AT ALL, DO YOU THINK EACH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TO BLAME FOR THE CURRENT CRISIS IN GREECE? BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 3 © 2015 Ipsos.


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IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Who’s to blame for the crisis in Greece? By country % A great deal/ a fair amount Average Belgium France Germany Great Britain Hungary Italy Poland Spain Sweden The Greek government 88% 90% 86% 94% 89% 89% 79% 87% 86% 90% The International Monetary Fund 58% 58% 71% 51% 52% 59% 67% 64% 67% 32% The European Commission 57% 58% 74% 51% 56% 49% 69% 58% 66% 34% The Greek people 56% 49% 55% 63% 49% 59% 43% 85% 40% 61% The German government 46% 46% 56% 32% 42% 33% 67% 51% 66% 19% Other European governments (such as France and Italy) 39% 40% 55% 33% 38% 30% 36% 52% 48% 20% HOW MUCH, IF AT ALL, DO YOU THINK EACH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TO BLAME FOR THE CURRENT CRISIS IN GREECE? BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 4 © 2015 Ipsos.


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GREEK CRISIS: DEBT RELIEF Across all nine countries, six in ten citizens agree that the austerity measures being imposed on Greece are making the Greek economy worse (including the majority of Germans). EU publics are split on the issue of Greek debt relief, with roughly half in support and half opposed to creditor countries writing off some of Greece’s debts. There is widespread concern in all countries that if the Greeks do not pay back their debts it would encourage others countries to borrow beyond their means. 5 © 2015 Ipsos.


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IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Is austerity making the situation in Greece worse? August 2015 8% AGREE VERY MUCH 39% 22% AGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE SOMEWHAT 61% 31% DISAGREE VERY MUCH 39% PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: THE AUSTERITY MEASURES BEING IMPOSED ON GREECE ARE JUST MAKING THEIR ECONOMY WORSE BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 6 © 2015 Ipsos.


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IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Is austerity making the situation in Greece worse? By country Italy 29 Spain AGREE VERY MUCH 47 33 Great Britain 20 38 23 5 23 48 6 25 4 France 25 40 29 6 Belgium 25 40 29 6 AGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE SOMEWHAT Hungary 21 39 Germany 22 36 31 9 DISAGREE VERY MUCH Poland 9 Sweden 10 33 37 28 41 48 10 13 14 PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: THE AUSTERITY MEASURES BEING IMPOSED ON GREECE ARE JUST MAKING THEIR ECONOMY WORSE BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 7 © 2015 Ipsos.


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IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Should some of Greece’s debts be written off? August 2015 20% AGREE VERY MUCH AGREE SOMEWHAT 46% 54% DISAGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE VERY MUCH 12% 34% 34% PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: THE COUNTRIES THAT HAVE LENT MONEY TO GREECE SHOULD WRITE OFF SOME OF ITS DEBTS BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 8 © 2015 Ipsos.


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IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Should some of Greece’s debts be written off? By country Poland Italy AGREE VERY MUCH 15 15 Great Britain 53 43 13 Spain 10 10 30 Sweden 9 25 France 10 23 12 33 31 Hungary 13 34 35 Belgium 10 29 41 16 AGREE SOMEWHAT 23 17 37 22 DISAGREE SOMEWHAT 35 25 DISAGREE VERY MUCH Germany 8 24 47 35 35 19 32 32 PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: THE COUNTRIES THAT HAVE LENT MONEY TO GREECE SHOULD WRITE OFF SOME OF ITS DEBTS BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 9 © 2015 Ipsos.


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IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Should the Greeks pay back all that they owe, so that others aren’t encouraged to default? August 2015 27% AGREE VERY MUCH 6% 21% 33% AGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE SOMEWHAT 73% DISAGREE VERY MUCH 40% PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: THE GREEKS SHOULD PAY BACK ALL THEIR DEBTS OTHERWISE IT WILL JUST ENCOURAGE OTHER COUNTRIES TO THINK THEY CAN BORROW WITHOUT PAYING BACK WHAT THEY OWE BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 10 © 2015 Ipsos.


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IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Should the Greeks pay back all that they owe, so that others aren’t encouraged to default? By country Poland 43 Hungary 36 Germany AGREE VERY MUCH Sweden DISAGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE VERY MUCH Spain Italy 24 40 5 21 8 23 41 42 7 25 37 29 25 5 21 45 34 Great Britain 5 18 39 26 3 19 31 33 France 11 40 46 Belgium AGREE SOMEWHAT 43 7 28 28 5 8 PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: THE GREEKS SHOULD PAY BACK ALL THEIR DEBTS OTHERWISE IT WILL JUST ENCOURAGE OTHER COUNTRIES TO THINK THEY CAN BORROW WITHOUT PAYING BACK WHAT THEY OWE BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 11 © 2015 Ipsos.


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GREEK CRISIS: THE IMPLICATIONS FOR OTHERS Three quarters of the public expect that other Eurozone countries will face a similar crisis to Greece in the future. This belief is strong in France and Italy. Six in ten citizens of the EU states surveyed agree that Greece should never have joined the Euro, with this view being more common in Great Britain and Germany. Public opinion in most countries surveyed is evenly split on whether the Eurozone is strong enough to overcome the Greek crisis without serious damage. The public also have no clear view on whether the Greek crisis has shown that Europe’s leaders can be trusted to work together – half agree and half disagree. 12 © 2015 Ipsos.


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IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Is another ‘Greece’ going to happen to other Eurozone member state(s)? August 2015 AGREE VERY MUCH AGREE SOMEWHAT 28% 4% 21% 25% 72% DISAGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE VERY MUCH 51% PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: OTHER COUNTRIES IN THE EUROZONE WILL FACE A SIMILAR CRISIS TO GREECE IN THE FUTURE BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 13 © 2015 Ipsos.


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IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Is another ‘Greece’ going to happen to other Eurozone member state(s)? By country France 51 16 3 Italy AGREE VERY MUCH 30 31 49 17 3 18 2 Great Britain 18 62 Spain 25 52 21 3 Belgium 24 53 20 2 Germany 24 52 22 2 AGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE VERY MUCH Sweden Poland Hungary 15 51 13 11 32 46 40 36 39 4 4 10 PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: OTHER COUNTRIES IN THE EUROZONE WILL FACE A SIMILAR CRISIS TO GREECE IN THE FUTURE BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 14 © 2015 Ipsos.


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IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Should Greece have never joined the Euro? August 2015 9% AGREE VERY MUCH 41% 26% AGREE SOMEWHAT 59% 32% DISAGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE VERY MUCH 34% PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: GREECE SHOULD NEVER HAVE JOINED THE EURO BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 15 © 2015 Ipsos.


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IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Should Greece have never joined the Euro? By country Great Britain 31 Germany Poland 38 38 28 27 19 26 44 3 9 32 4 AGREE VERY MUCH Sweden 28 AGREE SOMEWHAT Italy 33 23 32 36 29 7 11 DISAGREE SOMEWHAT France 29 30 30 12 32 9 DISAGREE VERY MUCH Belgium Spain Hungary 26 17 19 32 34 29 37 38 12 14 PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: GREECE SHOULD NEVER HAVE JOINED THE EURO BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 16 © 2015 Ipsos.


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IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Has the Greek crisis increased trust in European leaders’ ability to work together? August 2015 16% AGREE VERY MUCH 7% 47% 53% AGREE SOMEWHAT 40% DISAGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE VERY MUCH 37% PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: THE CRISIS IN GREECE SHOWS THAT EUROPE’S LEADERS CAN BE TRUSTED TO WORK TOGETHER BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 17 © 2015 Ipsos.


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IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Has the Greek crisis increased trust in European leaders’ ability to work together? By country Poland 9 Spain Germany AGREE VERY MUCH 11 Belgium Sweden DISAGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE VERY MUCH Hungary Great Britain 5 France 5 17 38 31 19 41 40 15 43 35 31 15 36 37 9 16 34 38 7 5 30 44 9 3 24 43 6 Italy AGREE SOMEWHAT 62 17 45 39 15 25 PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: THE CRISIS IN GREECE SHOWS THAT EUROPE’S LEADERS CAN BE TRUSTED TO WORK TOGETHER BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 18 © 2015 Ipsos.


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IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Is the Eurozone strong enough to get through the Greek crisis without serious damage? August 2015 AGREE VERY MUCH 12% 49% 8% 51% AGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE VERY MUCH 38% 43% PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: THE EUROZONE IS STRONG ENOUGH TO GET THROUGH THE GREEK CRISIS WITHOUT SERIOUS DAMAGE BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 19 © 2015 Ipsos.


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IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Is the Eurozone strong enough to get through the Greek crisis without serious damage? By country Spain 13 Poland Hungary 49 10 30 52 8 32 46 10 8 42 6 35 11 AGREE VERY MUCH Italy AGREE SOMEWHAT Great Britain 5 46 Sweden 6 37 44 10 42 7 DISAGREE SOMEWHAT 39 11 DISAGREE VERY MUCH Germany 9 Belgium 6 France 5 38 37 38 28 16 44 43 12 24 PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: THE EUROZONE IS STRONG ENOUGH TO GET THROUGH THE GREEK CRISIS WITHOUT SERIOUS DAMAGE BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 20 © 2015 Ipsos.


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IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Technical note THESE ARE FINDINGS OF RESEARCH CONDUCTED BY THE GLOBAL RESEARCH COMPANY IPSOS. RESPONDENTS AGED 16-64 WERE INTERVIEWED VIA THE IPSOS GLOBAL @DVISOR ONLINE PANEL IN BELGIUM, FRANCE, GREAT BRITAIN, GERMANY, HUNGARY, ITALY, POLAND, SPAIN AND SWEDEN BETWEEN JULY 24 - AUGUST 7, 2015. APPROXIMATELY 1000+ INDIVIDUALS PARTICIPATED ON A COUNTRY BY COUNTRY BASIS WITH THE EXCEPTION OF BELGIUM, HUNGARY, POLAND AND SWEDEN WHERE EACH HAVE A SAMPLE APPROXIMATELY 500+. 21 © 2015 Ipsos.


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Contacts Bobby Duffy Michael Clemence Mike Wheeler Managing Director, Ipsos Social Research Instititue Bobby.duffy@ipsos.com Senior Research Executive, Ipsos Social Research Institute Michael.clemence@ipsos.com Senior Research Executive, Ipsos Social Research Institute Michael.wheeler@ipsos.com +44 20 3473 3484 22 © 2015 Ipsos. +44 20 3473 3125


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ABOUT IPSOS GAME CHANGERS Ipsos ranks third in the global research industry. With a strong presence in 87 countries, Ipsos employs more than 16,000 people and has the ability to conduct research programs in more than 100 countries. Founded in France in 1975, Ipsos is controlled and managed by research professionals. They have built a solid Group around a multi-specialist positioning – Media and advertising research; Marketing research; Client and employee relationship management; Opinion & social research; Mobile, Online, Offline data collection and delivery. At Ipsos we are passionately curious about people, markets, brands and society. We deliver information and analysis that makes our complex world easier and faster to navigate and inspires our clients to make smarter decisions. Ipsos is listed on Eurolist - NYSE-Euronext. The company is part of the SBF 120 and the Mid-60 index and is eligible for the Deferred Settlement Service (SRD). We believe that our work is important. Security, simplicity, speed and substance applies to everything we do. Through specialisation, we offer our clients a unique depth of knowledge and expertise. Learning from different experiences gives us perspective and inspires us to boldly call things into question, to be creative. By nurturing a culture of collaboration and curiosity, we attract the highest calibre of people who have the ability and desire to influence and shape the future. “GAME CHANGERS” - our tagline - summarises our ambition. ISIN code FR0000073298, Reuters ISOS.PA, Bloomberg IPS:FP www.ipsos.com 23 © 2015 Ipsos.


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