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Music of the Medieval Period
What is Medieval Music??
A western music. It is written during the middle ages. This era begins with fall of the Roman Empire.
What is monophonic plainchant??
It was named after Pope Gregory I. It was originally transmitted orally.
Characteristics of the Gregorian Chants
Monophonic Free meter Modal Usually based on Latin liturgy Use of Neume notation
Characteristics of Troubadour Music
Usually monophonic Sometimes with improvised accompaniment Tells of Chivalry and courtly love Originated in France Written in the French language
Famous Composer of the Medieval Period
Adam de la Halle ( 1237-1288 )
Adam De La Halle , Miniature in musical codex s.XIII Source: http://picsdigger.com/image/cfd4783 Artist: Unknown
He is also known as Adam Le Bossu. He is one of the oldest secular composers. He was a French-born trouvere , poet and musician.
Adam de la Halle’s works: Le Jeu de Robin et de Marion La Chanson du roi de Sicile
Music of the Renaissance Period
Renaissance comes from the word renaitre. Renaissance Period is a period of “looking back” to the Golden Age of Greece and Rome. This era was also known at the “golden age” of acapella choral music.
Characteristics of Renaissance Music
Mostly polyphonic Imitation among the voices common Use of word painting in texts and music Melodic lines move in a flowing manner Melodies are easier to perform because these move along a scale with a few large leaps
Vocal Music of the Renaissance Period
Mass >> It is a form of sacred musical composition. >> It sets texts of the Eucharistic liturgy into music.
Characteristics of the mass
Polyphonic Maybe sung acapella or with orchestral accompaniment Text may be syllabic or melismatic
Five Main Sections of Mass
Kyrie Gloria Credo Sanctus and Benedictus Agnus Dei
2.Madrigal >> It is a secular vocal polyphonic music composition. >> It was originated from Italy. >> It was written and expressed in a poetic text. >> It was sung during courtly scial gatherings. >> It is the most important secular form during the Renaissance period.
Characteristics of the Madrigal
Polyphonic Sung acappella Through composed Frequently in 3 to 6 voices