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Music of the Medieval Period

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Music of the Medieval Period


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What is Medieval Music??


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A western music. It is written during the middle ages. This era begins with fall of the Roman Empire.


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What is monophonic plainchant??


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It was named after Pope Gregory I. It was originally transmitted orally.


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Characteristics of the Gregorian Chants


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Monophonic Free meter Modal Usually based on Latin liturgy Use of Neume notation


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Characteristics of Troubadour Music


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Usually monophonic Sometimes with improvised accompaniment Tells of Chivalry and courtly love Originated in France Written in the French language


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Famous Composer of the Medieval Period


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Adam de la Halle ( 1237-1288 )


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Adam De La Halle , Miniature in musical codex s.XIII Source: http://picsdigger.com/image/cfd4783 Artist: Unknown


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He is also known as Adam Le Bossu. He is one of the oldest secular composers. He was a French-born trouvere , poet and musician.


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Adam de la Halle’s works: Le Jeu de Robin et de Marion La Chanson du roi de Sicile


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Instruments


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Flute


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Recorder


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Gemshorn


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Pan Flute


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lute


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Mandore


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Gittern


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Psaltery


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Bowed Lyra


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Hurdy Gurdy


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Organ


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Shilyani


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Music of the Renaissance Period


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Renaissance comes from the word renaitre. Renaissance Period is a period of “looking back” to the Golden Age of Greece and Rome. This era was also known at the “golden age” of acapella choral music.


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Characteristics of Renaissance Music


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Mostly polyphonic Imitation among the voices common Use of word painting in texts and music Melodic lines move in a flowing manner Melodies are easier to perform because these move along a scale with a few large leaps


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Vocal Music of the Renaissance Period


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Mass >> It is a form of sacred musical composition. >> It sets texts of the Eucharistic liturgy into music.


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Characteristics of the mass


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Polyphonic Maybe sung acapella or with orchestral accompaniment Text may be syllabic or melismatic


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Five Main Sections of Mass


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Kyrie Gloria Credo Sanctus and Benedictus Agnus Dei


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2.Madrigal >> It is a secular vocal polyphonic music composition. >> It was originated from Italy. >> It was written and expressed in a poetic text. >> It was sung during courtly scial gatherings. >> It is the most important secular form during the Renaissance period.


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Characteristics of the Madrigal


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Polyphonic Sung acappella Through composed Frequently in 3 to 6 voices


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Instruments


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Slide trumpet


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Cornett


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Trumpet


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Violin


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Lyre


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Irish harp


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Tambourine


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Jew’s harp


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Shawn


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Reed Pipe


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Hornpipe


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Bagpipe


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