Music of the Medieval Period

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Music of the Medieval Period

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What is Medieval Music??

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A western music. It is written during the middle ages. This era begins with fall of the Roman Empire.

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What is monophonic plainchant??

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It was named after Pope Gregory I. It was originally transmitted orally.

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Characteristics of the Gregorian Chants

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Monophonic Free meter Modal Usually based on Latin liturgy Use of Neume notation

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Characteristics of Troubadour Music

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Usually monophonic Sometimes with improvised accompaniment Tells of Chivalry and courtly love Originated in France Written in the French language

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Famous Composer of the Medieval Period

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Adam de la Halle ( 1237-1288 )

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Adam De La Halle , Miniature in musical codex s.XIII Source: http://picsdigger.com/image/cfd4783 Artist: Unknown

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He is also known as Adam Le Bossu. He is one of the oldest secular composers. He was a French-born trouvere , poet and musician.

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Adam de la Halle’s works: Le Jeu de Robin et de Marion La Chanson du roi de Sicile

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Pan Flute

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Bowed Lyra

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Hurdy Gurdy

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Music of the Renaissance Period

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Renaissance comes from the word renaitre. Renaissance Period is a period of “looking back” to the Golden Age of Greece and Rome. This era was also known at the “golden age” of acapella choral music.

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Characteristics of Renaissance Music

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Mostly polyphonic Imitation among the voices common Use of word painting in texts and music Melodic lines move in a flowing manner Melodies are easier to perform because these move along a scale with a few large leaps

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Vocal Music of the Renaissance Period

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Mass >> It is a form of sacred musical composition. >> It sets texts of the Eucharistic liturgy into music.

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Characteristics of the mass

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Polyphonic Maybe sung acapella or with orchestral accompaniment Text may be syllabic or melismatic

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Five Main Sections of Mass

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Kyrie Gloria Credo Sanctus and Benedictus Agnus Dei

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2.Madrigal >> It is a secular vocal polyphonic music composition. >> It was originated from Italy. >> It was written and expressed in a poetic text. >> It was sung during courtly scial gatherings. >> It is the most important secular form during the Renaissance period.

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Characteristics of the Madrigal

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Polyphonic Sung acappella Through composed Frequently in 3 to 6 voices

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Slide trumpet

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Irish harp

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Jew’s harp

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Reed Pipe

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