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Digital Learning Futures 3 things you should know about the future of learning

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Steve Wheeler Institute of Education Plymouth University Digital Learning Futures 3 things you should know about the future of learning


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Can we predict the Future...? http://westernfrontierblog.wordpress.com/


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Can we predict the Future...? http://westernfrontierblog.wordpress.com/ “One day every town in America will have a telephone!” U.S. Mayor, (c 1880)


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1: The future is unpredictable


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“For the first time we are preparing learners for a future we cannot clearly describe.” - David Warlick


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http://www.digitaltrends.com “It is impossible to predict the future with great accuracy” – Michio Kaku


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The Future...? 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’ 1999: ‘The future is the Web’ hof.povray.org


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The Future...? 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’ 1999: ‘The future is the Web’ 2009: ‘The future is smart mobile’ hof.povray.org


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http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/communications/internet-minute-infographic.html


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The First Mobile Phone


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Photo by Steve Wheeler


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http://www.sabotagetimes.com/life/a-vision-of-the-future-from-1910/ Learning 2000  Villemard


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http://www.sabotagetimes.com/life/a-vision-of-the-future-from-1910/ Learning 2000  Villemard Disruptive Technology


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Social, political, and economic systems change incrementally, but technology changes exponentially. Larry Downes Law of Disruption


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4 to 5 Years 2 to 3 Years 1 Year or Less Great Expectations 2014 Flipped Classroom Learner Analytics 3D Printing Games and Gamification The Quantified Self Virtual Assistants Graphics concept by Steve Wheeler Source: http://www.educause.edu/library/resources/2014-horizon-report Time to adoption Emerging Technology


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Ubiquitous connection cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010 http://i.imwx.com


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“The future is already here — it's just not very evenly distributed” – William Gibson http://intergalacticrobot.blogspot.co.uk/2012/06/helen-oloy.html


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2: The future can be found in the past


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Facsimile machine (1843)


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Facsimile machine (1843)


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(from: Nicky Hockley)


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Curiosity Photo by Steve Wheeler


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Photo by Steve Wheeler Technology next Pedagogy first


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Students taking notes Photo: Lori Cullen


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We learn by making (Papert, 1960) Photo by Steve Wheeler


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Learning 2.0 User generated content Learning by making


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Learning 2.0 Curation Collaborating Sharing and Amplifying Voting Networking User generated content Architecture of participation Tagging and Bookmarking Aggregation


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The stuff of motivation… Adapted from: Maslow, A. H. (1954) Motivation and personality. New York, NY: Harper.


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Biological and Physiological needs Safety needs Esteem needs Belonging and Love needs Cognitive needs Aesthetic needs Self Ac Adapted from: Maslow, A. H. (1954) Motivation and personality. New York, NY: Harper.


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Adapted from: Pink, D. H. (2009) Drive: The Surprising Truth about What Motivates Us. New York, NY: Penguin. Intrinsic Motivation


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Maslow Hierarchy Game Dynamics Avoidance of RSI, eyestrain etc Rest, hydration, food etc Social cohesion, friends, guilds Status, achievement, rank Intellectual challenges User interfaces, game design Adapted from Michael Wu: http://lithosphere.lithium.com/t5/science-of-social-blog/Gamification-101-The-Psychology-of-Motivation/ba-p/21864 Points, badges, progression Quests, discovery, epic meaning etc


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Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi, 1991


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Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (1991) and Killi (2009)


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Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (1991) and Killi (2009)


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ZPD and scaffolding What I can learn on my own


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Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (1991) and Killi (2009)


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http://sellyourstoryuk.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Old-and-Young-Computer.jpg


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Bring Your Own Device User Generated Content Open content/curricula


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3: We can invent our own futures


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Photo: Steve Wheeler


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Photo: Steve Wheeler


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Photo: Steve Wheeler


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Twitter is not just about breakfast! http://www.lythhillhouse.com/breakfast.html


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Twitter as a library Twitter as a street corner Twitter as a broadcast channel Twitter as amplification #hashtags


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Funnels of Webs “The current search for new educational funnels must be reversed into the search for their institutional inverse: educational webs which heighten the opportunity for each one to transform each moment of his living into one of learning, sharing, and caring.”  Ivan Illich (1972) Funnels or Webs?


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Our learning future…


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http://le-flaneur.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/office-workers.jpg Mass working...


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... led to mass synchronisation Linear thinking Conformity Standardisation


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The computer room... http://www.hseb.utah.edu


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My PLE My e-portfolio Personal Learning Environments Graphic by Steve Wheeler


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Personal Learning Environment Source: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com/2010/07/anatomy-of-ple.html Steve Wheeler & Manish Malik (2010)


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Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler


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Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler


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Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler


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Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler


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Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler


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“I store my knowledge with my friends” Connectivism Paragogy Wisdom of Crowds


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Photo: Steve Wheeler


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Crowdsourcing Knowledge “Community as curriculum” Photo: Steve Wheeler


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X C Embedded MOOCs?


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“Lee Harvey and the Wailers” (Lee Harvey did not jam alone) http://www.myspace.com/hsu/photos/6850630


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“60% of all Internet pages contain misleading information.” - Thomas Edison


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“60% of all Internet pages contain misleading information.” - Thomas Edison We need ‘digital wisdom’


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Learners will need new ‘literacies’ Social networking Privacy maintenance Identity management Creating content Organising content Reusing and repurposing Filtering and selecting Self presention Transliteracy


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Leaning 2.0 – Digital Literacies Graphic by Steve Wheeler (2013)


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A ‘tsunami of content’


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Self Organising Learning Spaces Photo by William Murphy: http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-3146778883


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Self Organising Learning Spaces Photo by William Murphy: http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-3146778883


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Flip the roles, not just the classroom


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Bearpit Pedagogy http://open.salon.com “The way he constantly asks us to speak in his lectures rather than him allows us all to engage in, sometimes heated, discussions.” (one of my students)


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The Future...? 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’ 1999: ‘The future is the Web’ 2009: ‘The future is smart mobile’ 2012: ‘The future is pervasive tech’ hof.povray.org


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Learning 3.0 Distributed (Cloud) computing Extended smart mobile technology Collaborative intelligent filtering 3D visualisation and interaction


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Future Learning Topology Infrastructure Interface Tools Interaction Graphic by Steve Wheeler


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https://www.flickr.com/photos/lonqueta/5815215233/


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https://www.flickr.com/photos/lonqueta/5815215233/ "We can't solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them.“ – Albert Einstein


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Thank you W: http://steve-wheeler.net E: swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk B: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com T: @timbuckteeth Photo by Steve Wheeler


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