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Preparing Online Materials Understanding foundations of online learning Sanjaya Mishra Director, Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia, new Delhi
Overview eLearning or Online Learning Forms of eLearning Instructional Design for eLearning Designing Online Learning Environments Trends in Online Learning
What is eLearning? (Source: © Sharma & Mishra, 2007)?
Why eLearning is popular? Access to educational resources from outside the institution; Quick and easy way to create, update and revise course materials; Increased interaction with student through e-mail and discussion forums; Location and time independent delivery of course materials; Multimedia capabilities enabling instructional designers to prepare quality learning materials; Interactive and dynamic learning experience through online assessment tools;
Why eLearning is popular? Platform independent delivery, accessible through any computer with a simple browser interface; Increased learner control through hypertext based presentation of information; Opportunities for international, cross-cultural and collaborative learning; and Ability to serve a large number of students at a potentially reduced cost.
Forms of eLearning Type 1 Type 2 Type 3 Web integrated in the classroom to supplement teaching Web used in a mixed mode (as blended learning)? Web used independently as a stand alone system
Instructional Design for eLearning (Source: © Mishra, 2002)? Learning activities Learner support Content Behaviourism Cognitivism Constructivism Participation in discussion forum Email contact Reading of lessons Learner guide Mentor support Online library Social interaction Synchronous chat -counselling Objective-based course units Self-assessment online
ERIC-Model CONSTRUCT EXPERIENCE INTERACT REFLECT Source: © Sharma & Mishra, 2007)
Designing Online Learning Needs Analysis Learner Profile Organization Profile Development of a Blueprint Institutional preparation Learning material development Evaluation Promotion Maintenance and Updating
Developing Online Learning Content Media Types Text Graphics/Images Audio and Video Animations and 3D models Tools/Formats Word processor, PDF, HTML editor GIF, JPEG format image documents using photo editors and graphic suits MPEG-2, and MPEG-4 for Video and Mp3/Ogg Vorbis for audio most widely used format. These can be developed using digital video/audio capture tools Flash animation, VRML
Facilitating Online Learning Communication Tools Electronic Mail Discussion Board Mailing List Chat Blogs Micro-blogging Wikis Social networking/bookmarking
Delivering Online Learning Synchronous (eg. Delivered using video conference tools) Asynchronous (mainly through use of Learning Management Systems) Both synchronous and asynchronous Using hosted Services in any suitable platform Innovative Practices
Innovative Practice Example SLM Development, 2008 Sanjaya Mishra trained 20 individuals to write self-learning materials Used weekly reading and GoogleGroup Wiki-based Tasks to develop SLM using wiki Learning contract, certification, online activities, visible outputs
Trends in online learning
Open Educational Resources Reuse Revise Remix Redistribute No permissions required Released in open license
Massive Open Online Courses Large enrolments Freely available, not necessarily in open license Online and required networked connections Courses, meaning designed and delivered by teachers, in cohorts as opposed to OER
Open Badges Identity management Authenticating learning and skills Banking of skills and display online
Other Trends Learning Analytics Video Learning Social Media Mobile Devices