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INTO AN UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL CURRICULUM lessons for the future INTEGRATING Photo from: https://www.flickr.com/photos/jreed/322057841 - CC BY-SA 2.0

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Annalisa Manca - @annalisamanca Educational Technologist School of Medicine Ellie Hothersall - @e_hothersall Public health doctor and theme lead for public health teaching School of Medicine WELCOME On behalf of: Natalie Lafferty - @nlafferty

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SETTING THE SCENE Photo from: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kwl/3573458354 - CC BY 2.0

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TECHNOLOGY IS DRIVING Photo from: https://www.flickr.com/photos/slowdownism/257931683 - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

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Photo from: https://www.flickr.com/photos/iainb/212961317/ - CC BY-ND 2.0 Communicate, share and learn Any time, Any place, Any pace

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No longer restricted to libraries & formal learning @nlafferty

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Role of technology in learning http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/publications/effectivepracticedigitalage.pdf

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What is the role of the teacher? Harden & Crosby, 2000

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“Guide on the side” Photo from: https://www.flickr.com/photos/colinsd40/9394696887 - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

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http://cdn.nmc.org/media/2014-nmc-horizon-report-he-EN-SC.pdf NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Higher Education Edition

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OUR CASE “For good pedagogical design, there is simply no escaping the need to adopt a theory of learning.” We need “guidance on how to judge whether the learning and teaching processes adopted will really achieve the intended learning outcomes” Mayes & de Freitas, 2008

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building communities around hashtags Photo from: https://www.flickr.com/photos/mbiddulph/7614636374 - CC BY-SA 2.0 #FOAMed

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Photo from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/31065898@N08/8220970905/ CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 NETWORKED – CONNECTED – INTERACTIVE – HYBRID LEARNING IS SOCIAL

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self-efficacy practice expectations knowledge attitudes community norms social system BANDURA’S SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY (1971) Bandura, A. (1971). Social Learning Theory. New York: General Learning Corporation.

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SELF-EFFICACY (Bandura, 1977) phobias PTSD education/technology An individual’s belief in their ability to succeed in producing a particular outcome (Bandura 1977) Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psych Rev

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self-efficacy motivation skills teacher direction support incentives material tools tasks Educational activity as a scaffolding structure https://www.flickr.com/photos/gavatron/10037318335/ careful not to overload

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(Iterative) Educational design to:

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PERFORMANCE-ACCOMPLISHMENT Building self-efficacy expectations - in practice

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VICARIOUS EXPERIENCE Building self-efficacy expectations - in practice

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VERBAL PERSUASION Building self-efficacy expectations - in practice

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PHYSIOLOGICAL STATES Building self-efficacy expectations - in practice

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IN PRACTICE… AND RESULTS “The relationship between pedagogy and technology is not as simple as it first appears” JISC: Effective Practice in a Digital Age

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Based on previous work by nhssm.org Original scenarios written by Mr Alex Talbott and Dr Chloe Sellwood Twitter chat with Social Media emphasis Easy to tweak to student focus http://www.open.edu/openlearn/sites/www.open.edu.openlearn/files/sneezeInLine_0.jpg Creative Commons Origins of #fluscenario

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4. (To understand there is more to public health than drinking water and inequalities)

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Data collection http://dundeepublichealth.wordpress.com/fluscenario/

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2012 2013 http://hawksey.info/tagsexplorer/

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http://hawksey.info/tagsexplorer/?key=0Ar1MOlq1UirpdGQyS0tHamNNQzN5LTFZaFJZcVQ3VVE&sheet=ob5 2012 2013

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Image: Leximancer.com

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“Whooping cough: Three more babies die in outbreak http://t.co/VXAIC5Bu #fluscenario” “Reading about the emergence of multidrug-resistant TB and automatically relating this to the spread of #fluscenario. Hello Library Weekends.” Application

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What happened? Interaction

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“I found #fluscenario irrelevant as it didn't have much relevance to the respiratory block.” “…waste of time” “I enjoyed using twitter as a new way of teaching and I feel like I learnt a lot from the opportunity to discuss the flu scenario with my peers.” “The fluscenario was a personal highlight for me, I really found it beneficial.” B+ Evaluation

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DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS “Fauxial learning = forcing people to use social media in a course, and then confusing compliance with engagement and (even worse) learning” Jane Hart (@C4LPT)

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http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/publications/effectivepracticedigitalage.pdf John Schaar, American writer and scholar and Professor Emeritus, University of California

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Photo from: https://www.flickr.com/photos/wwworks/4759535950 - CC BY 2.0

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@annalisamanca @e_hothersall Photo from: https://www.flickr.com/photos/eleaf/2536358399/ - CC BY 2.0 Any question

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Bandura, A. (1971). Social Learning Theory. New York: General Learning Corporation. Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, Vol 84, No. 2, pp 191-215. Caprara. (2008). Longitudinal analysis of the role of perceived self-efficacy for self-regulatory learning in academic continuance an achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100(3) 525–534 Mayes, T. & de Freitas, S. (2008). Learning and e-learning: The role of theory. In Beetham & Sharpe. Rethinking Pedagogy for a Digital Age: Designing and Delivering e-Learning. New York: Routledge References