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OPENNESS IN HIGHER EDUCATION: Choosing Our Paths Catherine Cronin ? @catherinecronin ? NUI Galway #tlfest15 ? 12th June 2015

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@catherinecronin #tlfest15 slideshare.net/cicronin

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Image: CC BY 2.0 dlofink

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Social Networks Internet Mobile Networked Individualism Rainie, L. & Wellman, B.(2012) Networked: The New Social Operating System

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2005 2013 Source: Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project, 2005-2013

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Image: CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 Alec Couros Networked Teacher

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What is your NETWORK? (digital & otherwise)

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Participatory Culture: Henry Jenkins @henryjenkins henryjenkins.org low barriers to artistic expression & civic engagement strong support for creating & sharing social connection members believe their contributions matter informal mentorship

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#marref Twitter photo: @HelenORahilly

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#marref @joecaslin ? joecaslin.com

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#marref @joecaslin ? joecaslin.com

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#marref @hendinarts

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#HOMETOVOTE @anniewestdotcom

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multimodal multimedia ? voice / choice networked ? topic / content social ? genre / tone purposeful ? space / place collaborative ? time / duration agentic Participatory Culture literacy practices

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Image: CC BY 2.0 DeeAshley a divide between formal and informal learning: students navigate the dissonance between these – WITH or WITHOUT our support

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V&R Framework 15/07/2014 Evaluating online behaviours | A visitors and residents approach 24 (White and Le Cornu 2011) #vandr Visitors and Residents resources http://goo.gl/vxUMRD by Lynne Connaway, David White & Donna Lanclos http://www.slideshare.net/oclcr/evaluating-online-behaviours-a-visitors-and-residents-approach

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…furtive thinking and behaviour around open-web resources such as Wikipedia masks the level of use of non-traditional resources and also masks the methods learners use to increase their understanding of subjects, creating what we have called The Learning Black Market. The point at which learning takes place is often not being discussed because either explicitly or implicitly learners are being told by their educational intuitions or perceive that the educational institutions view that their information-seeking practices are not legitimate. David White, Lynn S. Connaway, Donna Lanclos, Erin M. Hood & Carrie Vass Evaluating digital services: a Visitors and Residents approach, JISC InfoNet “

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Seamus Heaney Lightenings viii - video by Eoghan Kidney vimeo.com/4831035

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3 contributions to the dialogue

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#1 develop, model & embed digital literacies #2 choose open where possible & appropriate #3 connect across boundaries

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Networked Educators Networked Students Physical Spaces Bounded Online Spaces Open Online Spaces

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A learning space not THE learning space

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so…. HOW?

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WHAT would YOU like to create?

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Image: CC BY NC-SA 2.0 catherinecronin

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@CT231 #ct231

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We’re now looking at the ‘tag-team model’ of education: the projects never end, as there is always a cohort to carry on, and lead into the next group, and when they overlap that’s great – that’s where the genuine collaboration happens. Traditionally, we deliver modules/courses, neatly chunked into 12 weeks, with units of assessment, leading to grades etc. and that’s the way things are (generally) done. I’m not saying scrap all of that, but I do think that modules are best served as springboards to other things. Increasingly, students are connecting across levels and cohorts through Twitter and now we have ex-students getting together with current students, undergrads coming to postgrad classes (and vice versa) as they’ve connected online and have a genuine interest in getting involved in other groups/further curricula outside of their taught modules.” #icollab Helen Keegan (2012) @heloukee “

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#icollab TAGSExplorer thanks to @mhawksey

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Individuals, students and educators, can be nodes in a network. Groups and learning communities also can be nodes, e.g. via #hashtags.

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I learned a lot more about writing to the public. Before this I would have been less likely to express my views to a group of people online whereas now I would not have a problem in doing so. By posting publicly it opened up our world to other academics or people who are just interested in the topic... I don’t think anyone would have thought that the author of one of the works we were researching would get involved. #studentvoice openness... “ “

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Before studying it, I used Facebook and Twitter mainly just for keeping in contact with people, but since have discovered they both have much more to offer. They are places to discover new information and boost your knowledge. That both education and socialising can be rolled into one. #studentvoice social networks... “ “

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#1 develop, model & embed digital literacies #2 choose open where possible & appropriate #3 connect across boundaries

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#1 develop, model & embed digital literacies

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Image: CC BY-ND Bryan Mathers Ref: White, Connaway, Lanclos, Hood & Vass Evaluating digital services: a Visitors and Residents approach, JISC InfoNet

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by Helen Beetham http://digitalcapability.jiscinvolve.org/wp/2015/06/11/revisiting-digital-capability-for-2015/

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Image: CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Frederic Poirot digital identity

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CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 Frank Wuestefeld privacy

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Image CC BY 2.0 vramek #2 choose open where possible & appropriate

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Image: CC BY-SA 2.0 Marcel Oosterwijk …’open’ signals a broad, de-centralized constellation of practices that skirt the institutional structures and roles by which formal learning has been organized for generations. – Bonnie Stewart (2015)

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Image: CC BY-SA 2.0 Marcel Oosterwijk OEP (Open Educational Practices) ? OER (Open Educational Resources) ? Free ? Open Admission (e.g. Open University) DEFINITIONS of ‘OPEN’ Culture ? Values ? Practices ? Activities LEVELS of OPENNESS

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Gardner Campbell – Ecologies of Yearning youtube.com/watch?v=kIzA4ItynYw Openness [is] process, not product after all. It’s not so much the what we learn but the how and the who with and the why we do so… it’s not so much about “open” as an adjective to describe education; rather it’s “opening” as a verb to describe what we must do. What we want students, learners, all of us, to do. Audrey Watters (2012) “

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Reclaim Open Learning “Showcases innovation that brings together the best of truly open, online and networked learning in the wilds of the Internet, with the expertise represented by institutions of higher education.” http://open.media.mit.edu/

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http://open.media.mit.edu/ Reclaim Open Learning Challenge 2013 digilitleic.com #DigiLitLeic phonar.org @phonar ds106.us #ds106 jaaga.in @jaagarnaut femtechnet.org @FemTechNet

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Slide: CC-BY-SA catherinecronin Image: CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 yobink #3 connect across boundaries

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“I don’t think education is about centralized instruction anymore; rather, it is the process [of] establishing oneself as a node in a broad network of distributed creativity.” – Joi Ito @joi Slide: CC-BY-SA catherinecronin Image: CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 yobink

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Networked Educators Networked Students Physical Spaces Bounded Online Spaces Open Online Spaces

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Learners need to practice and experiment with different ways of enacting their identities, and adopt subject positions through different social technologies and media. These opportunities can only be supported by academic staff who are themselves engaged in digital practices and questioning their own relationship with knowledge. - Keri Facer & Neil Selwyn (2010)

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Bianca Ni Ghrogain, RIP @bnighrogain rangbianca.com Mary Mulvihill, RIP @ingeniousie ingeniousireland.ie Dialogue cannot exist in the absence of a profound love for the world and its people. – Freire

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Thank you! Catherine Cronin @catherinecronin about.me/catherinecronin slideshare.net/cicronin Image: CC BY 2.0 visualpanic

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Recommended: @helenbeetham digital literacies; digital capabilities @dajbelshaw digital & web literacies @josiefraser #DigiLitLeic project @daveowhite #vandr Visitors & Residents @donnalanclos #vandr Visitors & Residents @gconole digital identity; learning design @bonstewart digital identity; social media @veletsianos networked & open scholarship @mweller open education @oerresearchhub open education (OER & OEP) @mizuko connected learning @jimgroom #ds106; Reclaim Your Domain @audreywatters critical issues in education/edtech

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References Atkins, L., Fraser, J. and Hall, R. (2014) DigiLit Leicester: Project Activities Report, Leicester: Leicester City Council (CC BY-NC 3.0). Campbell, Gardner (2012). Ecologies of Yearning. Keynote - Open Ed Conference 2012. Facer, Keri & Selwyn, Neil (2010). Social networking: Key messages from the research. In R. Sharpe, H. Beetham & S. de Freitas (Eds.) Rethinking Learning For A Digital Age. Routledge. Gutierrez, Kris D. (2008). Developing a sociocritical literacy in the Third Space. Reading Research Quarterly, 43(2), 148-164. Heaney, Seamus (1991) Lightenings viii, Seeing Things. Faber and Faber. Ito, Joi (2011, December 5). In an open-source society, innovating by the seat of our pants. The New York Times. Jenkins, Henry. (2006). Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st Century. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago Keegan, Helen (2012). A new academic year: global, connected, creative – and not (quite) a MOOC. Pew Research Internet Project (2013). Social Media Update 2013. Rainie, Lee & Wellman, Barry (2012). Networked: The new social operating system. MIT Press. Watters, Audrey (2012). Gardner Campbell, J. Alfred Prufock, and the Ecologies of Yearning. hackeducation Wenger, Etienne (2010). Knowledgeability in Landscapes of Practice SRHE Conference 2010. In deFreitas & Jameson, Eds. (2012) The e-Learning Reader. Williams, Bronwyn (2009). Shimmering Literacies: Popular Culture and Reading and Writing Online (New Literacies and Digital Epistemologies. Peter Lang Publishing.