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Do you want to help all of your students to do well at school? Put aside personal philosophies of teaching, and adopt strategies that have been proven to work. Research shows that these 10, evidence-based teaching strategies have more impact than most.
For teaching strategies to be included on this list, they had to: Be supported by hard research, instead of anecdotal case studies or untested theories Have a substantially higher effect on student results than other teaching strategies Be able to be used on a wide range of subjects and in every year level
Teaching Strategy 1 Clarify exactly what you want your students to know and be able to do by the end of each lesson.
Being clear about what chn. need to know & do Teaching Strategy 1
Teaching Strategy 2 Start your lessons with some show and tell. Tell your students what they need to know and show them what they must be able to do.
Show and tell such as Direct Instruction and worked examples Teaching Strategy 2
Teaching Strategy 3 Use questions to check that your students understand things. Ask questions to the whole class, expect all students to think of an answer, select a random student and ask students to show their agreement
Using questions to check for understanding Teaching Strategy 3
Teaching Strategy 4 Create graphical summaries (e.g. concept maps), which show the inter-relationships between different parts of what your students are learning.
Creating concept maps Teaching Strategy 4
Teaching Strategy 5 Give your students plenty of opportunities to practice the things you will want them to do independently later. Space this practice out over time.
Give students opportunities for spaced practice Teaching Strategy 5
Teaching Strategy 6 Give your students feedback on their practice attempts. Affirm their successes, and tell them what they need to do to improve.
Give your students feedback Teaching Strategy 6
Teaching Strategy 7 Mastery learning: Allow time for each of your students to succeed. Keep your learning goals the same for all students, but vary the time you give each child to succeed.
Mastery learning Teaching Strategy 7
Teaching Strategy 8 Get students working together in productive ways. Use group work only once students have developed some level of individual proficiency and structure roles so that all children must offer meaningful contributions.
Cooperative learning Teaching Strategy 8
Teaching Strategy 9 Explicitly teach strategies as well as content. Strategies are everywhere. In reading, you need to show children how to attack unknown words and ways to enhance their comprehension. You also need to teach them strategies for problem solving, persuasion & characterisation to name but a few.
Explicitly teach strategies Teaching Strategy 9
Teaching Strategy 10 Teach children metacognition. Students need to think about the strategies they could use, to select strategies to use, to monitor their effectiveness & to try alternative strategies if needed.
Explicitly teach meta-cognitive strategies Teaching Strategy 10