Designing in The Walkable City

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DESIGNING IN THE WALKABLE CITY Alexander Ståhle PHD & CEO Stockholm, Sweden

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Stockholm – A Walk City Story Gamla stan 1200 Vällingby 1950 Hammarby sjöstad 1990

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Stureplan – Our Time Square in 1990 Central street junction transformed to a plaza Now: Financial hub Now: Night club hub

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Housing value is 90% walkability Close to city centre Street connectivity Walk to service Walk to transit Walk to park Walk to waterfront Courtyard

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Office value is 70% public transport accessibility Public transport Shops & Restaurants Office clustering Building modernity = 90% office value

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The Walkable City – Stockholm City Plan

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Testing walkability in new plans Service access Park access Street connectivity Existing Density Park Street Plan +250% +150% + 60%

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Slussen today built 1935 70% car space Pedestrians in tunnels Celebrated by Le Corbusier

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New Slussen 50% less car space 30% more open space 2X pedestrians 2030

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Oslo wants to be a bike city 8% Bike mode share 19 of 20 wants better bike city

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Oslo Bicycle Network Analysis 50% low traffic safety 45% low bikability score

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Oslo Bicycle Strategy 3X bike network 8% > 16% bike modeshare 530 million USD

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Citymoves 2015 Curating the Future

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Eco City 2050 Low growth planned Suburban declline Bike and Transit

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Techno City 2050 High growth social control Polycentric suburbs Shared mobilities

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Free City 2050 High unequal growth Suburban sprawl Private car oriented

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Vote! Free City Techno City Eco City

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Votes from 4850 people 60% 0 100% 400 Swedish planners 5 40% 550 Norwegian architects 4 60% 300 Finnish planners 3 31% 255 Radio listeners 2 44% 3345 Newspaper readers 1 TECHNO CITY 0 20 40 ECO CITY FREE CITY 60 80 100 120

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CLOSER TOGETHER This is the future of cities Worldbank, UN Habitat, WHO, Greenpeace, UN IPCC, Vatican, World Resources Institute, ITDP, Embarq, WWF, American Farmland Trust, American Planning Association, Community Rights Council, ChangeLab Solutions, The American Public Health Association, The American Society of Landscape Architects, The Association of Metropolitan Planning Organizations, The Conservation Fund, Congress of New Urbanism, National Neighborhood Coalition, The Partnership for Sustainable Communities, The Institute of Transportation Engineers, National Trust for Historic Preservation, National Center for Biking & Walking, National Association of Transportation Officials (NACTO), The National Multi-Housing Council, The National Association of Realtors, The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, The Surface Transportation Policy Project, The Center for Immigration Study, The National Trust for Historic Preservation, The National Association of Development Organizations, Community Research Connections, The U.S. Forest Service, National Wildlife Federation, Natural Resources Defense Council, The Northeast-Midwest Institute, Project for Public Spaces, Smart Growth America, Urban Land Institute, Sierra Club, Smart Growth Network, Walkable and Livable Communities Institute, US Environmental Protection Agency, Trust for Public Land www.spacescape.se / alexander.stahle@spacescape.se

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