Resilience by Design The Future of Coastal Cities

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Resilience by Design The Future of Coastal Cities Nancy Kete, PhD The Rockefeller Foundation 3 May 2014

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“Cities have the capability of providing something for everybody, only because, and only when, they are created by everybody.” Jane Jacobs The Death and Life of Great American Cities Photo Credit: Rockefeller Foundation

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In order to get a grip on it, one must be able to relate resilience to other properties that one has some means of ascertaining, through observation. Martin-Breen & Andries Resilience: A literature review 3

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Reflective systems are accepting of the inherent and ever-increasing uncertainty and change in today’s world. Robust systems include well-conceived, constructed and managed physical assets. Redundancy refers to spare capacity purposely created within systems so that they can accommodate disruption. Flexibility implies that systems can change, evolve and adapt in response to changing circumstances. Resourcefulness implies that people and institutions are able to rapidly find different ways to achieve their goals or meet their needs during a shock or when under stress. Inclusion emphasises the need for broad consultation and engagement of communities, including the most vulnerable groups. Integration and alignment between city systems promotes consistency in decision-making and ensures that all investments are mutually supportive to a common outcome. Reflective Robust Redundant Flexible Resourceful Inclusive Integrated

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Make no little plans. They have no magic to stir [people]’s blood and probably will not be realized. Make big plans. Aim high in hope and work. Daniel Burnham, Chicago Architect

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Resilience by Design

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Hurricane Katrina: Aug. 9, 2005 Hurricane Sandy: Oct. 28, 2012 Photo Credit: NOAA Satellite Images

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Change Paradigms Pave, pipe, pump and prevent Allowed urbanization of delta and coastal cities Unintended consequences of increased risks of devastating floods, subsidence, climate change, social isolation and inequality, ecological damage Living with Water Adopt multiple lines of defense Increase long term safety by making room for water Create new economic and development opportunities with safe, attractive waterways and water infrastructure Improve quality of life with water through capture, re-use, and retention to integrate healthy water into public spaces

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13 Photo Credit: Rebuild by Design

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14 Photo Credit: Rebuild by Design

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15 Photo Credit: Rebuild by Design

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Photo Credit: Rebuild by Design

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© NOAA, Bob Henson, UCAR

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“Floods are ‘acts of god’ but flood losses are largely acts of man” Gilbert F White, 1942 Photo Credit: Ken Abbott/UCB

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Photo Credit: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

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Photo Credit: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

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Changing Course (Video): http://changingcourse.us/changingcoursevideo/

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The Rebuilders – Rebuild by Design (Video): http://vimeo.com/90825595

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We who live in the world’s deltas or on the edges of great oceans are the most immediate laboratory for innovation and change, and our success or failure will be the symbol for the world’s ability to accomplish great things, or not. But for all coastal cities our future is not just about survival. … It’s about redemption. It’s about getting this right, for now and for the generations to come. - Cedric Grant Deputy Mayor, New Orleans

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© John Rae Thank you