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The Power of StoryDesigning with empathy and connection Whitney Quesenbery WQusability and Center for Civic Design Twitter @whitneyq
Hi! User research, usability, accessibility Former theatre designer Storytelling as a way to understand users, culture, and context in UX design Passionate about civic design New book on accessible UX How about you?
Couriemail.com.au Stories connect us
Personas & stories communicate patterns Stories... Store and transmit knowledge Communicate culture Explore new ideas They help us… Share information in memorable form Understand emotion and desires 5
Too often, "data" looks like this...
And even when it looks like this...
Or this, it still needs a storyteller http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jbkSRLYSojo
Stories let us fill in the gaps http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/bb/blindspot1.html
Stories create relationships This is the key relationship
A story is shared by everyone who hears it
Stories are building blocks Kindersandi.moonfruit.com
Explain patterns of use
Communicate context (and emotion) Ten minutes is not enough. That's Tanner’s opinion about the time limits on using the computer at school. Last Friday, he started working on a geography assignment and look up some information about the animals in Africa. He had just gotten started when his turn on the computer was up. He’d like to work on it over the weekend, but can’t access the school library. He prints out a few things, and figures he will retype what he’s done when he gets home. What a bore.
Show action over time
Narrative weaves the user journey into the structure of a site.
Fill in details and scenarios Rachel, Enthusiastic dreamer 28, finished one year at uni, works in an office Lives in North London with a partner Hasn’t settled down to a plan for her life Interested in Social Sciences FIRST CONTACT WITH THE OU: OU ON TV Insomnia led Rachel to the OU, watching programs on the telly. She starts to enjoy the programmes and thinks about doing something to improve her career. It takes her a long time to act on this idea, but she visits an Open Day. She spends ages thinking about it, sometimes browsing the web site, but also reading the brochures she has taken from the Open Day. On her third trip to an Open Day, she finally registers for an Openings course that’s about to begin.
Stories can explore unexpected data Gina gave us the first clue. She was a nurse manager for the county health system. “I’m on the move all day and I have a huge case load. Patients are always throwing new questions at me. Yesterday, I really struggled to sort out a problem one patient was having with side effects. I speak a little Spanish, but just couldn’t remember the correct medical term to explain a new adjuvant the doctor wanted to try. It was so frustrating.” She pointed at the sketch. “I don’t have a phone that will do all that...yet, but... if it’s really that ... simple…”
A lens into the data
What is the impact of search on the user experience?
Search and traffic analysis The top searches are persistent (and have continued over time With some seasonal variations
The search logs shows a classic “long tail” eggsonionscabbagevinegarpotatosalmon
We had personas George Martin Margaret Jason Abila Rachel
We* can use the personas as a lens into the data * by “we” I mean Viki Stirling and Sarah Allen the maestros of the analytics who did the work
Consolidating knowledge Julia’s Journal – JuliaAshtonSayers.blogspot.com
Personas explore tensions in the design space
Quantitative and qualitative data work together Demographics Journey Market segments Task analysis Skills Usability needs Other sites used
Snapshots reinforce the relationships
How will you tell the story? Mary and Leonard Trujillo – The Mudhead Gallery
Stories are efficient Tanner was deep into a Skatepunkz game—all the way up to level 12—when he got a buddy message from his friend, Steve, with a question about his homework. He looked up with a start. Almost bedtime and his homework was still not done. Mom or Dad would be in any minute.
Each voice is a perspective 36
3rd person allows you to explain and interpret Whose words and thoughts are these? Are these things that Mary would say or are they our interpretation of all the data and stories that went into the Mary persona? How can we show when we are using her own words? Does this story invoke research authority- a “realist tale”? Mary works as a nurse in a hectic women’s health center for a low-income neighborhood. … Her questions about cancer mostly come from her patients, or from wanting to be sure that she catches any early signs. … She has learned conversational Spanish, so she can talk to her patients for whom this is a first language. … When she looks things up on the Web, she tends to go back to familiar sites John van Mannen – Tales from the Field
2nd person creates conversation How can you show the conversation? Interviews maintain a separation Conversations can also happen between two personas Persona by Caroline Jarrett for the Open University
1st person invites identity You represent the persona and tell the story from their point of view. Lets you “get into the head” of the story (an “impressionist tale”) OR First person can tell your story of your experience with the person (a “confessional tale”)
Stories are not a detailed task analysis Focus on the story Establish the scene with imagery What’s the time-frame? What’s the emotional context Think about the persona’s perspective How do they see the events or interaction? What words do they use? Style of language? What are the boundaries of the story from their point of view? (Hint: it might not be your product!) Don’t use the story to describe the user
Personas and their stories give us... A richer understanding of context Innovation from real needsMore persuasive ideasPeople in the center of the process Coral reef in Ras Muhamad Nature Park
Screen: Globalgiving.com For more::http://succeedwithsuccessstories.com/dr-spocks-guide-to-improving-your-charitable-appeals/ Stories create empathy
Stories change how we think Our experience of the world is shaped by our interpretations of it, the stories we tell ourselves.... so the key to personal transformation is story transformation. - Timothy Wilson, Redirect Screen from Tripit
Personas (and stories) travel thru the UX journey Specify Understand Design Evaluate Gather information - both qualitative and quantitative Reflect the breadth and depth of the audience Explore current problems and new design ideas Stories can be a vehicle for evaluation, or a check on usability test participants
A story is successful when it gets repeated Based on real data The stories you want told Generate insights and empathy & that lead to action!
Storytelling for User Experiencewith Kevin Brooks Global UXwith Daniel Szuc A Web for Everyonewith Sarah Horton http://rosenfeldmedia.com/books/a-web-for-everyone/
Whitney Quesenberywhitneyq@wqusability.comwww.wqusability.com@whitneyqCenter for Civic Designwhitneyq@centerforcivicdesigncenterforcivicdesign.org@ChadButterfly