Design Elements in a Personal Learning Environment

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Design Elements in a Personal Learning Environment Stephen Downes Guadalajara, Mexico August 17, 2015

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Challenges and Opportunities 2 Technology surrounds us with new opportunities, yet we face historical challenges

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… For Institutons Changing business models are challenging established institutions Music Industry Publishing Industry Uber, AirBNB Centralized design model making it difficult to adapt to changing needs Curricula Standardized Tests Robot Instructors 3

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… For Government and Society Skills shortages and productivity gaps Canadian Oil and Gas (O&G) sector loses $4 billion per year due to skills shortages. Skilled and professional unemployment rate less than 1%. Training current and prospective employees time-consuming and expensive. 4 August 26, 2013

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… For Individual Learners Access to learning opportunities remain elusive The cost of tuition and textbooks is too high Learning and development needs continue after graduation Difficulties exist in finding employment and matching skills to opportunities 5

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Our Approach: Personal Learning and Performance Support Systems It’s personal and you carry it with you It’s a network – we don’t put everything in one package Different types of things, not just courses: Access to learning resources Calling cards and communications Credentials, permits and licenses Single point of access to all skills development and training needs

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Why NRC? Our Distinct Leverage NRC is a globally recognized leader in emerging learning technologies LPSS benefits from NRC’s research in other fields NRC is deeply connected to the e-learning industry NRC by contrast has collaboration and commercialization experience Neutral broker reduces risk to technology development partners

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NRC – Previous Work in eLearning eduSource Resource Repository Network (Canadian CANARIE Network) Sifter/Filter Content Recommender (connercialized as RACOFI) SHARE Sentiment Analysis Synergic3 Collaborative Workflow (commecialized with Desire2Learn) gRSShopper / MOOC / Connectivism 2Sim Haptic Simulations

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The MOOC Massive – by design Open – gratis and libre Online – not blended, not wrapped Courses – not communities, websites, video collections, etc

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MOOC as Connected Applications http://x28newblog.blog.uni-heidelberg.de/2008/09/06/cck08-first-impressions/

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MOOC as One Part of a Wider Network To us, a MOOC was not a single website or application, but instead, a way of connecting people to each other in order to share and learn cooperatively MOOC

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CCK08 http://connect.downes.ca/cgi-bin/archive.cgi?page=thedaily.htm http://wwwapps.cc.umanitoba.ca/moodle/course/view.php?id=20 2300 students

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2800 students 1800 students 3000 students http://edfuture.net/ http://change.mooc.ca/ http://connect.downes.ca/ Other Courses

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cMOOC vs xMOOC networks contents tasks http://lisahistory.net/wordpress/2012/08/three-kinds-of-moocs/ http://ds106.us/history/ https://www.ai-class.com/ https://www.coursera.org/

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Design Principles Autonomy - Choice of contents - Personal learning - No curriculum Diversity - Multiple tools - Individual perspective - Varied content Openness - Open access - Open content - Open activities - Open assessment Interactivity - Encourage communication - Cooperative learning - Emergent knowledge

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Pedagogy of the cMOOC http://cogdogblog.com/2009/06/29/arrff/

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Personal Learning http://dmlcentral.net/blog/howard-rheingold/diy-u-interview-anya-kamenetz http://www.downes.ca/post/58150

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Underlying MOOC Support Site 1. First student creates resource and sends info to course 2. Second student sees resource info in newsletter and RSS feed 3. Second student accesses the resource directly 4. Second student finds link to third student’s resource

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Course Provider Perspective Site Student content Course content Subscribed students Live online events Event recordings

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The Student’s Perspective Site A range of different resources and services

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The design is based on putting the learner at the centre Scott Wilson (left), Tim Hand (right) https://www.google.com/search?q=ple+diagrams http://www.edtechpost.ca/ple_diagrams/index.php/mind-map-3

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LPSS is Built Around the Personal Learning Record Me This is a new type of data – we call it the personal graph. Each person has their own private personal graph. The PLR contains all a person’s learning records, including: certificates, badges and credentials activity records, test results, scores Assignments, papers, drawings, things they create

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LPSS is Built Around the Personal Learning Record Me Personal Library Pictures Books Movies Stuff Goes Out Stuff Comes In Learning Activities I read and watch stuff I play with toys I make stuff Learning Analytics Services Things, Properties, Relations Big stuff goes here Questions Answers Things I did Stuff I make

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Simplified Design of the LPSS Personal Learning Architecture Resource Repository Network Personal Cloud Personal Learning Record Personal Learning Assistant Automated Assessment Stand-alone Cloud External Repositories External Cloud Storage App API External Graph

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Learning and Performance Support System: Core Technology Development Projects Learning services network and marketplace Automated skills development and recognition Lifetime management of learning and training records and credentials Personal learning assistant to view, update and access training Simulations and Tools

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Program Design and Scope EXTERNAL APPS MATS Program Technologies PLA ACDR PLR COMMON PLATFORM Services, Communications, Management PCL RRN EXTERNAL DATA Services WORLD DATA MINT Multimodal INteractive Trainer MOOC-REL Massive Open Online Course Ressources Educatives Libres WAVE Workflow Analysis, Visualization and Enhancement NRC Programs Government Departments Blue: Core technology projects Orange: Implementation projects with commercial clients Grey: Infrastructure, other NRC programs, external services

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Program Organization

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Program Outline

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PLR RRN PC PLA ACDR CF Standards/Communication protocols Security Protocols Distributed Architecture Data Representation Prototype Repository Data, Information Retrieval Cleansing/Filtering/Profiling/Processing Personal Access to Network Storage Data synchronization Cloud Storage and Management Data Capture Security Protocols Personal Learning Record Management Layer Search/Recommendation Layer Learning activity sequencing/modeling TROI (Training Return on Investment) analytics Performance Trends Algorithm Competence Development Automated Assessment Project Details

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LPSS in Context

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It’s not one big thing… … but a set of many small things Tasks that are simple in an enterprise system… Like data storage Like content distribution Like authentication Like analytics … become that much more difficult Why is this Difficult?

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Resource Repository Network Assemble resources from multiple locations

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* Manage and discover list of sources and resources * Maintain authentication and credentials * Support APIs and metadata standards * Gather, analyze and sort resources and/or metadata Resource Repository Network

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Synchronized cloud data services (including Owncloud) to support data portability Personal Cloud

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* Manage list of local and remote storage systems * Maintain security, encryption, authentication and credentials * Include local or personal device storage * Manage and synchronize resource sets and data Personal Cloud

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Projection of learning services into multiple platforms Personal Learning Assistant

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Personal Learning Assistant * Collect contextual information for system * Display resources of various formats, including SCORM, LTI, etc. * Support (scaffolded) authoring environments * Project LPSS capacity into external software and devices

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Connecting to real learning and workplace environments http://www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/rd/medical/ PLA Simulations Project

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Analytics as a service – analogy with web translation Automated Competency Recognition and Development

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Automated Competency Recognition and Development * Import or create competency definitions * Analyze interactions for skills and learning gaps * Support development of learning plans * Provide resource and service recommendations

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The Personal Learning Record – data owned by the individual, shared only with permissions http://halfanhour.blogspot.de/2014/12/eportfolios-and-badges-workshop-oeb14.html Personal Learning Record

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Personal Learning Record * Collect full record of interactions with all resources, external systems * Support learning activity data exchange formats (eg. xAPI) * Collect and present a person’s personal portfolio * Display certifications and credentials (eg. badges) * Maintain 3rd party certification

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Relevant PLR Projects Manchester PLE Project Responsive Open Learning Environments (ROLE) http://www.role-project.eu/ Known http://withknown.com/ Learning Locker http://learninglocker.net/ Mahara https://mahara.org/ http://personalis.wikispaces.com/PLE+Projects

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Implementation – from MOOC to Personal Learning MOOC-REL (OIF) ALECSO MINT PCO Badges TSILE xAPI 2Sim Simulator xAPI Workplace T&D

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Program Implementation Timeline

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http://lpss.me – prototype PLE

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LPSS in Canada’s Learning Technology Marketplace

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Implementation Projects Ultimately, the objective is to support individual learning in a network http://integralleadershipmanifesto.com/manifesto/making-subject-object/

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Expanding LPSS NRC Funder Partner $20 Million Investment NRC Technologies Development Environment University Government Development Agency Foundation UNESCO / UN Corporate Partner $x + $y $x $y Project

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Possible Projects… OERs, Repositories, Marketplaces eg. OIF MOOC, ALECSO Badges, Credentials, Recognition eg. PCO Badge Project, TSILEE xAPI Simulations & Workplace Support eg. MINT, 2Sim Matching People to Opportunities eg. Concierge, Micromissions

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Thank you Stephen Downes LPSS program Leader +1 (506) 861-0955 Stephen.Downes@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca http://www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca