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Open Data: Open Your Mind

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OPEN DATA: OPEN YOUR MIND Sally Jenkinson, From the Front, 17.09.2015 @sjenkinson | sally@recordssoundthesame.com


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Sally Jenkinson Digital solutions architect & consultant Records Sound the Same Ltd sally@recordssoundthesame.com | @sjenkinson


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WHAT IS DATA? @sjenkinson


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data (ˈdeɪtə ; ˈdɑːtə) Plural noun • A series of observations, measurements, or facts; information • Also called: information (computing) the information operated on by a computer program Although now often used as a singular noun, data is properly a plural. From Latin, literally: (things) given, from dare to give collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/data


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data content content data @sjenkinson


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COLLECT EXPOSE INGEST INSPIRE CONTENT


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“Big data” @sjenkinson


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I ♡ DATA


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@sjenkinson


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sallyjenkinson.co.uk/labs/teatracker


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developer.marvel.com/terms


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DATA SHARING


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Open data = freedom


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WHAT IS OPEN DATA?


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Re-publish Derive new content or data Make money by selling products Charge a fee for access


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Make money by selling products Charge a fee for access


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Consumption & publication @sjenkinson


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♥ github.com/caesar0301/awesome-public-datasets


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Licensing


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OPEN LICENCES FOR CREATIVE CONTENT Public domain (CC0) Attribution (CC-by) Attribution & share-alike (CC-by-sa) theodi.org/guides/publishers-guide-open-data-licensing | theodi.org/guides/reusers-guide-open-data-licensing


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OPEN LICENCES FOR DATABASES Public domain (PDDL) Attribution (ODC-by) Attribution & share-alike (ODbL) theodi.org/guides/publishers-guide-open-data-licensing | theodi.org/guides/reusers-guide-open-data-licensing


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OTHERS Open Government Licence OS Open Licence theodi.org/guides/publishers-guide-open-data-licensing | theodi.org/guides/reusers-guide-open-data-licensing


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THE BENEFITS OF OPEN DATA


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Generating value & making savings @sjenkinson


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open data +$3 trillion / year mckinsey.com/insights/business_technology/open_data_unlocking_innovation_and_performance_with_liquid_information


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Transparency @sjenkinson


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“…within two years chemical emissions nationwide (at least as reported, and presumably also in fact) had decreased by 40 percent. ! Some companies were launching policies to bring their emissions down by 90 percent, just because of the release of previously sequestered information.” maban.co.uk/80


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Improved efficiency Improved effectiveness Impact measurement @sjenkinson


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Participation & selfempowerment @sjenkinson


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Improved or new private products or services & innovation @sjenkinson


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New knowledge from combined data sources and patterns in large data volumes @sjenkinson


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LINKED DATA linkeddata.org


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WE ARE HUMANS


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“a formal specification of a shared conceptualisation” @sjenkinson


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“Start to explain the data in understandable terms, and to illustrate some of the relationships, in ways normal people can understand” @sjenkinson


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bbc.co.uk/ontologies


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bbc.co.uk/things


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DATA & USER EXPERIENCES


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! “How far do you live from your workplace? Chances are, you'd answer that question in minutes rather than miles. An hour on the bus tells us a lot more than 47 miles. That's why we made Mapumental. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Given any start point or destination, it'll show everywhere within the chosen commute time, by public transport.” mapumental.com/services/travel-time


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“How accessible is your nearest school, post office, or GP’s surgery? ! In Wales, that’s not always a simple question: the country’s mountainous landscapes, rural populations, and sometimes infrequent bus services can mean that those without cars are rather cut off from public service provision.” mapumental.com/services/accessibility


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“Just how quickly could fire engines reach a given postcode in case of a fire? It’s a question that’s pivotal to decisions made by both the emergency services and the insurance industry.” mysociety.org/2013/04/22/fire-fire-mapumental-and-fire-engine-journey-times


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CHALLENGES & LIMITATIONS


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LEGAL PRACTICAL TECHNICAL SOCIAL @sjenkinson


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Accuracy


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Cost


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Data privacy & the individual


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Discoverability


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Combining data sets & licences clipol.org/tools/compatibility


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Misinterpretation & misrepresentation


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WORKING WITH OPEN DATA


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Consuming open data @sjenkinson


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d3js.org


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NOT JUST DIGITAL!


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opensensors.io


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DOUG MCCUNE dougmccune.com


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STEFANIE POSAVEC stefanieposavec.co.uk


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“Air Transformed is a series of wearable data objects that communicate this physical burden in different ways. Though seemingly decorative, they are based entirely on open air quality data from Sheffield, UK, a former steelmaking city and notorious for its bad air.” stefanieposavec.co.uk/data/#/airtransformed


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Publishing open data @sjenkinson


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Clear licensing & usage information A plan for support Structure & quality @sjenkinson


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1. Identification & planning @sjenkinson


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2. Extracting & cleaning openrefine.org | clean-sheet.org


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3. Sharing @sjenkinson


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FIVE STAR DATA 5stardata.info


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★ Make your stuff available on the Web (whatever format) under an open license. ★★ Make it available as structured data (e.g., Excel instead of image scan of a table). ★★★ Use non-proprietary formats (e.g., CSV instead of Excel). ★★★★ Use URIs to denote things, so that people can point at your stuff. ★★★★★ Link your data to other data to provide context.


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OPEN DATA CERTIFICATES certificates.theodi.org


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AND IN THE END…


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THANK YOU. @sjenkinson ! sally@recordssoundthesame.com recordssoundthesame.com Thank you to these lovely people for making their content open under a Creative Commons or public domain licence: Linking Open Data cloud diagram 2014, by Max Schmachtenberg, Christian Bizer, Anja Jentzsch and Richard Cyganiak - lod-cloud.net DougMcCune - dougmccune.com stefanieposavec.co.uk flickr.com/photos/rachubarama/2709346242 imgur.com/47D7zGqxkcd.com/1138 flickr.com/photos/troymars/9113025616 The Roof of Wales - flickr.com/photos/stray_croc/4743302841 Fire Wall - flickr.com/photos/epleitez/1714341218 Money - flickr.com/photos/mikephotoart/12839909303 cc - flickr.com/photos/kalexanderson/7175627336 RDF - flickr.com/photos/gertcha/8292978031


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