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Identifying The Benefit of Linked Data

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Melbourne - 2nd July 2015 Identifying The Benefit of Linked Data Richard Wallis! Technology Evangelist @rjw


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Melbourne - 2nd July 2015 Richard Wallis! Technology Evangelist @rjw Identifying The Benefit of Linked Data https: //www. wikida ta.org /entit y/Q937


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NO MAN IS JUST A NUMBER


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NO MAN IS JUST A NUMBER https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q937 https://viaf.org/viaf/75121530/ http://isni.org/0000000077040933 http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79022889 http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0251868/ http://data.nytimes.com/49783928729941204213 http://www.researcherid.com/rid/I-6013-2012


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NO MAN IS JUST A NUMBER https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q937 https://viaf.org/viaf/75121530/ http://isni.org/0000000077040933 } http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79022889 http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0251868/ http://data.nytimes.com/49783928729941204213 http://www.researcherid.com/rid/I-6013-2012 sameAs


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Linked Data


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Linked Data RDF


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Linked Data RDF Anyone can say anything about anything



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Linked Data RDF Anyone can say anything about anything
 ..in Triples.. <http://viaf.org/viaf/75121530> schema:name “Albert Einstein”.


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<http://ethz.ch/12345> Hypo th etical exam ple


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<http://ethz.ch/12345> a schema:Person ; Hypo th etical exam ple


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<http://ethz.ch/12345> a schema:Person ; schema:name “Albert Eistein” ; Hypo th etical exam ple


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<http://ethz.ch/12345> a schema:Person ; schema:name “Albert Eistein” ; schema:alumniOf <http://ethz.ch>; Hypo th etical exam ple


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<http://ethz.ch/12345> a schema:Person ; schema:name “Albert Eistein” ; schema:alumniOf <http://ethz.ch>; Hypo th etical exam ple <http://ethz.ch> a schema:Organization ; schema:name “Swiss Federal Institute of Technology”; schema:url <http://www.ethz.ch>; schema:sameAs <https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q11942>


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Hypo th etical exam ple <http://ethz.ch/12345> a schema:Person ; schema:name “Albert Eistein” ; schema:alumniOf <http://ethz.ch>; schema:sameAs <http://isni.org/0000000077040933>; <http://ethz.ch> a schema:Organization ; schema:name “Swiss Federal Institute of Technology”; schema:url <http://www.ethz.ch>; schema:sameAs <https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q11942>


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Hypo th etical exam ple <http://ethz.ch/12345> a schema:Person ; schema:name “Albert Eistein” ; schema:alumniOf <http://ethz.ch>; schema:sameAs <http://isni.org/0000000077040933>; schema:sameAs <https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q937> <http://ethz.ch> a schema:Organization ; schema:name “Swiss Federal Institute of Technology”; schema:url <http://www.ethz.ch>; schema:sameAs <https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q11942>


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Hypo th etical exam ple <http://ethz.ch/12345> a schema:Person ; schema:name “Albert Eistein” ; schema:alumniOf <http://ethz.ch>; schema:sameAs <http://isni.org/0000000077040933>; schema:sameAs <https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q937> <http://ethz.ch> a schema:Organization ; schema:name “Swiss Federal Institute of Technology”; schema:url <http://www.ethz.ch>; schema:sameAs <https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q11942>


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Hypo th etical exam ple <http://ethz.ch/12345> a schema:Person ; schema:name “Albert Eistein” ; schema:alumniOf <http://ethz.ch>; schema:sameAs <http://isni.org/0000000077040933>; schema:sameAs <https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q937> <http://ethz.ch> a schema:Organization ; schema:name “Swiss Federal Institute of Technology”; schema:url <http://www.ethz.ch>; schema:sameAs <https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q11942>


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Link your data


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Link your data • Create and connect identifiers — URIs


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Link your data Create and connect identifiers — URIs • Describe your resources •


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Link your data Create and connect identifiers — URIs • Describe your resources • Use what works for you •


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Link your data Create and connect identifiers — URIs • Describe your resources • Use what works for you • Expose / Publish to the Web •


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Link your data


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Link your data • Set your resources in context Ground your descriptions


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Link your data • • Set your resources in context Link to hubs of authority Ground your descriptions


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One Hub to Rule Them All?


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One Hub to Rule Them All? VIAF.org A web of authoritative hubs


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One Hub to Rule Them All? VIAF.org A web of authoritative hubs


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Its not just about people


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Its not just about people person place object concept organization work


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Its not just about people person place object concept organization The  library  knowledge  graph
 A  graph  of  relationships work


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Selecting your vocabularies BIBFRAME Bibo / OAD SKOS Dublin Core FOAF Ontology Project Vocabularies Schema.org OWL / RDF / RDFS CIDOC CRM Bio / Geo h Wit gine En rch tion Sea ogni Rec RDA / Marc


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Selecting your vocabularies With Searc h Engi ne Recog nition BIBFRAME Bibo / OAD SKOS Dublin Core FOAF Ontology Project Vocabularies Schema.org OWL / RDF / RDFS CIDOC CRM Bio / Geo RDA / Marc


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With Searc h Engi ne Recog nition


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h Wit gine En rch tion Sea ogni Rec


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h Wit gine En rch tion Sea ogni Rec A general purpose vocabulary for describing things on the web.


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h Wit gine En rch tion Sea ogni Rec A general purpose vocabulary for describing things on the web. • Backed by the Search Engines


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h Wit gine En rch tion Sea ogni Rec A general purpose vocabulary for describing things on the web. • • Backed by the Search Engines W3C Community - Discussion, proposals, organisation, Github


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h Wit gine En rch tion Sea ogni Rec A general purpose vocabulary for describing things on the web. • • • Backed by the Search Engines W3C Community - Discussion, proposals, organisation, Github A live evolving vocabulary


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h Wit gine En rch tion Sea ogni Rec A general purpose vocabulary for describing things on the web. • • • • Backed by the Search Engines W3C Community - Discussion, proposals, organisation, Github A live evolving vocabulary Used by millions of domains


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h Wit gine En rch tion Sea ogni Rec A general purpose vocabulary for describing things on the web. • • • • • Backed by the Search Engines W3C Community - Discussion, proposals, organisation, Github A live evolving vocabulary Used by millions of domains Expanding into domain specific extensions


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Used by millions of domains


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640 Types (Classes) 988 Properties Used by millions of domains


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640 Types (Classes) 988 Properties Used by millions of domains


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640 Types (Classes) 988 Properties Used by millions of domains


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640 Types (Classes) 988 Properties Used by millions of domains


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640 Types (Classes) 988 Properties Used by millions of domains


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640 Types (Classes) 988 Properties Used by millions of domains


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640 Types (Classes) 988 Properties Used by millions of domains


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640 Types (Classes) 988 Properties Used by millions of domains


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Extending Schema.org


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Extending Schema.org www.w3.org/community/schemabibex


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Extending Schema.org www.w3.org/community/schemabibex


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Extending Schema.org Schema.org extensions • Community led www.w3.org/community/schemabibex


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Extending Schema.org Schema.org extensions • Community led • Domain focused www.w3.org/community/schemabibex


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Extending Schema.org Schema.org extensions • Community led • Domain focused • Flat namespace www.w3.org/community/schemabibex


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Extending Schema.org Schema.org extensions • Community led • Domain focused • Flat namespace • Hosted by Schema.org www.w3.org/community/schemabibex


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Extending Schema.org Schema.org extensions • Community led • Domain focused • Flat namespace • Hosted by Schema.org • Initial extensions: - bib.schema.org - auto.schema.org - ???.schema.org www.w3.org/community/schemabibex


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Select vocabularies with purpose With Searc h Engi ne Recog nition BIBFRAME Bibo / OAD SKOS Dublin Core FOAF Ontology Project Vocabularies Schema.org OWL / RDF / RDFS CIDOC CRM Bio / Geo RDA / Marc


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Select vocabularies with purpose BIBFRAME Bibo / OAD SKOS Dublin Core FOAF Ontology Project Vocabularies Schema.org OWL / RDF / RDFS CIDOC CRM Bio / Geo h Wit gine En rch tion Sea ogni Rec RDA / Marc


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Select vocabularies with purpose Being discovered is ! usually one purpose BIBFRAME Bibo / OAD SKOS Dublin Core FOAF Ontology Project Vocabularies Schema.org OWL / RDF / RDFS CIDOC CRM Bio / Geo h Wit gine En rch tion Sea ogni Rec RDA / Marc


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Research: A discovery unshared is a secret


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Research: Discovering and connecting facts, materials, sources, people, places, events, organisations … and other research. A discovery unshared is a secret


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Research: Discovering and connecting facts, materials, sources, people, places, events, organisations … and other research. • Identify - to share A discovery unshared is a secret


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Research: Discovering and connecting facts, materials, sources, people, places, events, organisations … and other research. • Identify - to share • Identify - to link A discovery unshared is a secret


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Research: Discovering and connecting facts, materials, sources, people, places, events, organisations … and other research. • Identify - to share • Identify - to link • URI - Uniform Resource Identifier A discovery unshared is a secret


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A Linked Data Recipe


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A Linked Data Recipe 1. Establish the entities in your data - Person, Work, Place, Event, Concept, …


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A Linked Data Recipe 1. Establish the entities in your data - Person, Work, Place, Event, Concept, … 2. Give them URIs <http://myedu.org/faculty/54729>


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A Linked Data Recipe 1. Establish the entities in your data - Person, Work, Place, Event, Concept, … 2. Give them URIs <http://myedu.org/faculty/54729> 3. Describe each entity - no matter how simply <ht tp: //m a s yedu. c sch hema: org/fa ema P :na erson culty/ me 547 “Pr ;! 29> of. ! Gre en” .


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A Linked Data Recipe 1. Establish the entities in your data - Person, Work, Place, Event, Concept, … 2. Give them URIs <http://myedu.org/faculty/54729> 3. Describe each entity <ht tp: //m a s yedu. c sch hema: org/fa ema P :na erson culty/ me 547 “Pr ;! 29> of. ! Gre en” . - no matter how simply - don’t just transform an old record format


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A Linked Data Recipe 1. Establish the entities in your data - Person, Work, Place, Event, Concept, … 2. Give them URIs <http://myedu.org/faculty/54729> 3. Describe each entity <ht tp: //m a s yedu. c sch hema: org/fa ema P :na erson culty/ me 547 “Pr ;! 29> of. ! Gre en” . - no matter how simply - don’t just transform an old record format 4. Link to authoritative hubs to set your entities in context


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A Linked Data Recipe 1. Establish the entities in your data - Person, Work, Place, Event, Concept, … 2. Give them URIs <http://myedu.org/faculty/54729> 3. Describe each entity <ht tp: //m a s yedu. c sch hema: org/fa ema P :na erson culty/ me 547 “Pr ;! 29> of. ! Gre en” . - no matter how simply - don’t just transform an old record format 4. Link to authoritative hubs to set your entities in context - ISNI, VIAF, ORCID, WorldCat Works, LCSH, Wikidata, …m sa ht s < eA t // ps: vi or af. g/v /7 iaf 512 0/ 153 > .


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A Linked Data Recipe 1. Establish the entities in your data - Person, Work, Place, Event, Concept, … 2. Give them URIs <http://myedu.org/faculty/54729> 3. Describe each entity <ht tp: //m a s yedu. c sch hema: org/fa ema P :na erson culty/ me 547 “Pr ;! 29> of. ! Gre en” . - no matter how simply - don’t just transform an old record format 4. Link to authoritative hubs to set your entities in context - ISNI, VIAF, ORCID, WorldCat Works, LCSH, Wikidata, …m sa ht s < eA 5. Use appropriate vocabularies useful for all consumers t // ps: vi or af. g/v /7 iaf 512 0/ 153 > .


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A Linked Data Recipe 1. Establish the entities in your data - Person, Work, Place, Event, Concept, … 2. Give them URIs <http://myedu.org/faculty/54729> 3. Describe each entity <ht tp: //m a s yedu. c sch hema: org/fa ema P :na erson culty/ me 547 “Pr ;! 29> of. ! Gre en” . - no matter how simply - don’t just transform an old record format 4. Link to authoritative hubs to set your entities in context - ISNI, VIAF, ORCID, WorldCat Works, LCSH, Wikidata, …m sa ht s < eA 5. Use appropriate vocabularies useful for all consumers a. The vocabularies for your needs t // ps: vi or af. g/v /7 iaf 512 0/ 153 > .


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A Linked Data Recipe 1. Establish the entities in your data - Person, Work, Place, Event, Concept, … 2. Give them URIs <http://myedu.org/faculty/54729> 3. Describe each entity <ht tp: //m a s yedu. c sch hema: org/fa ema P :na erson culty/ me 547 “Pr ;! 29> of. ! Gre en” . - no matter how simply - don’t just transform an old record format 4. Link to authoritative hubs to set your entities in context - ISNI, VIAF, ORCID, WorldCat Works, LCSH, Wikidata, …m sa ht s < eA 5. Use appropriate vocabularies useful for all consumers a. The vocabularies for your needs b. Appropriate for your domain t // ps: vi or af. g/v /7 iaf 512 0/ 153 > .


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A Linked Data Recipe 1. Establish the entities in your data - Person, Work, Place, Event, Concept, … 2. Give them URIs <http://myedu.org/faculty/54729> 3. Describe each entity <ht tp: //m a s yedu. c sch hema: org/fa ema P :na erson culty/ me 547 “Pr ;! 29> of. ! Gre en” . - no matter how simply - don’t just transform an old record format 4. Link to authoritative hubs to set your entities in context - ISNI, VIAF, ORCID, WorldCat Works, LCSH, Wikidata, …m sa ht s < eA 5. Use appropriate vocabularies useful for all consumers a. The vocabularies for your needs b. Appropriate for your domain c. Schema.org for everyone else t // ps: vi or af. g/v /7 iaf 512 0/ 153 > .


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A Linked Data Recipe 1. Establish the entities in your data - Person, Work, Place, Event, Concept, … 2. Give them URIs <http://myedu.org/faculty/54729> 3. Describe each entity <ht tp: //m a s yedu. c sch hema: org/fa ema P :na erson culty/ me 547 “Pr ;! 29> of. ! Gre en” . - no matter how simply - don’t just transform an old record format 4. Link to authoritative hubs to set your entities in context - ISNI, VIAF, ORCID, WorldCat Works, LCSH, Wikidata, …m sa ht s < eA 5. Use appropriate vocabularies useful for all consumers a. The vocabularies for your needs b. Appropriate for your domain c. Schema.org for everyone else 6. Openly share your data t // ps: vi or af. g/v /7 iaf 512 0/ 153 > .


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A Linked Data Recipe 1. Establish the entities in your data - Person, Work, Place, Event, Concept, … 2. Give them URIs <http://myedu.org/faculty/54729> 3. Describe each entity <ht tp: //m a s yedu. c sch hema: org/fa ema P :na erson culty/ me 547 “Pr ;! 29> of. ! Gre en” . - no matter how simply - don’t just transform an old record format 4. Link to authoritative hubs to set your entities in context - ISNI, VIAF, ORCID, WorldCat Works, LCSH, Wikidata, …m sa ht s < eA 5. Use appropriate vocabularies useful for all consumers a. The vocabularies for your needs b. Appropriate for your domain c. Schema.org for everyone else 6. Openly share your data - Open Data license t // ps: vi or af. g/v /7 iaf 512 0/ 153 > .


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A Linked Data Recipe 1. Establish the entities in your data - Person, Work, Place, Event, Concept, … 2. Give them URIs <http://myedu.org/faculty/54729> 3. Describe each entity <ht tp: //m a s yedu. c sch hema: org/fa ema P :na erson culty/ me 547 “Pr ;! 29> of. ! Gre en” . - no matter how simply - don’t just transform an old record format 4. Link to authoritative hubs to set your entities in context - ISNI, VIAF, ORCID, WorldCat Works, LCSH, Wikidata, …m sa ht s < eA 5. Use appropriate vocabularies useful for all consumers a. The vocabularies for your needs b. Appropriate for your domain c. Schema.org for everyone else 6. Openly share your data - Open Data license - Return RDF from your URIs - Turtle, JSON, RDF/XML,Triples t // ps: vi or af. g/v /7 iaf 512 0/ 153 > .


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A Linked Data Recipe 1. Establish the entities in your data - Person, Work, Place, Event, Concept, … 2. Give them URIs <http://myedu.org/faculty/54729> 3. Describe each entity <ht tp: //m a s yedu. c sch hema: org/fa ema P :na erson culty/ me 547 “Pr ;! 29> of. ! Gre en” . - no matter how simply - don’t just transform an old record format 4. Link to authoritative hubs to set your entities in context - ISNI, VIAF, ORCID, WorldCat Works, LCSH, Wikidata, …m sa ht s < eA 5. Use appropriate vocabularies useful for all consumers a. The vocabularies for your needs b. Appropriate for your domain c. Schema.org for everyone else 6. Openly share your data - Open Data license - Return RDF from your URIs - Turtle, JSON, RDF/XML,Triples - Embed Schema.org in your HTML t // ps: vi or af. g/v /7 iaf 512 0/ 153 > .


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A Linked Data Recipe 1. Establish the entities in your data - Person, Work, Place, Event, Concept, … 2. Give them URIs <http://myedu.org/faculty/54729> 3. Describe each entity <ht tp: //m a s yedu. c sch hema: org/fa ema P :na erson culty/ me 547 “Pr ;! 29> of. ! Gre en” . - no matter how simply - don’t just transform an old record format 4. Link to authoritative hubs to set your entities in context - ISNI, VIAF, ORCID, WorldCat Works, LCSH, Wikidata, …m sa ht s < eA 5. Use appropriate vocabularies useful for all consumers a. The vocabularies for your needs b. Appropriate for your domain c. Schema.org for everyone else 6. Openly share your data - Open Data license Return RDF from your URIs - Turtle, JSON, RDF/XML,Triples Embed Schema.org in your HTML Optionally add a SPARQL Endpoint to taste t // ps: vi or af. g/v /7 iaf 512 0/ 153 > .


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Entities and Linked Data


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Entities and Linked Data 330 Million resources


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Entities and Linked Data 330 Million resources 198 Million Works


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Entities and Linked Data 330 Million resources 198 Million Works 98 Million Persons


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Entities and Linked Data 330 Million resources 198 Million Works 98 Million Persons VIAF — ISNI — FAST


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Identifying The Benefit of Linked Data https: //www. wikida ta.org /entit y/Q937


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Melbourne - 2nd July 2015 Identifying The Benefit of Linked Data Richard Wallis! Technology Evangelist @rjw


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