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Biomedical waste and its Management
BIO-MEDICAL WASTE Definition Anything tested or used on an individual, or any trash from biological experiments are medical waste Generated from Waste generated by health care facility Research facility Laboratories Hazardous health care waste 85% waste is non infectious 10% are infectious 5% are hazardous
Biomedical waste Statistics Developed Countries- 1-5 kg/bed/day, with variations among countries.In India- 1-2 kg/bed/day with variation among Govt. and Private establishments. Approximately 506.74 tons/ day wastes generated Out of which only 57% waste undergoes proper disposal
Classification of Waste Category as per WHO standard
PROBLEM ASSOCIATED WITH BMW
OBJECTIVE OF BMW MANAGEMENT To minimize the production/generation of infective waste. Recycle the waste after to the extent possible Treat the waste by safe environment friendly/acceptable methods. Adequate care in handling to prevent health care associated infections. Safety precautions during handling the BMW.
COLOUR CODING OF BAGS
LABEL FOR BIO-MEDICAL WASTE CONTAINERS/BAGS BIOHAZARD SYMBOL CYTOTOXIC HAZARD SYMBOL Note : Label shall be non-washable and prominently visible.
Transport Transport by wheeled trolleys/containers /carts only in vehicles authorized for the purpose They should be Easy to load and unload No sharp edges Easy to clean Disinfect daily
Double Chambered Incinerator
Autoclave Temperature -not less than 121 0C Pressure -15 pounds per square inch (psi) Residence time - not less than 60 minutes
Micro wave kill bacteria and other pathogenic organism. not be used for cytotoxic, hazardous or radioactive wastes, contaminated animal carcasses, body parts and large metal items.
Disposal of Sharps disposed in circular or rectangular pits. covered with a heavy concrete slab When the pipe is full it can be sealed completely after another has been prepared.
ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 The Biomedical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1998 The Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2000 The Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1989 The National Environmental Tribunal Act, 1995 The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981