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The Art of Lace in Northeast Brazil

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For a great many years Brazil’s Northeast has exported its beautiful lace to the four corners of the world. The rendeira (lace maker woman) with her patient and well-crafted work, printed an unparalleled brand in the crafts of the Northeast. The work of these women enchants for simplicity but also for its art and creativity


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Lace making started in Europe, especially in Italy and Belgium, and was brought to France by the court of Louis XV. From France it expanded to Portugal and England. The Portuguese brought lace to Brazil, where it became an important form of handicraft, both in the Northeast and in Santa Catarina, in the South. The rendeira weaves the thread on a pillow with the aid of bobbins, which are used in pairs . Renda de Bilro ( Bobbin lace)


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Ceara, a major center for handicrafts in the country


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Ceara


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Bobbin lace from Aracati, Ceara


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Aracati, Ceara


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Divina Pastora - Sergipe


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Rio Grande do Norte


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Maranhao


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Piaui


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Bahia - Saubara – Reconcavo


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Saubara, Bahia


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Saubara


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Saubara


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Ilha de Mare - Bahia 1976


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Ilha de Mare


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Needle lace Filet lace Renaissance Irish Labirinto Frivolite Crochet Rendende Richelieu


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Filet Lace is made with a knitting needle and was developed using the same technique used by fishermen for making their fishing nets. This very old technique was common among the Egyptians and Persians and spread well in Europe, from where it was brought to Brazil by the Portuguese colonizers. Filet lace is quite common in the states of Alagoas and Sergipe. Filet lace


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Maceio, Alagoas


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Alagoas – famous for its filet lace


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Filet lace - Maceio


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Filet lace - Maceio


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Renaissance lace started in the island of Burano in Venice - Italy and arose and developed in the seventeenth century, during the period of the Renaissance, from which it derives its name. It came to Brazil with European missionaries and nuns and here developed rapidly in the Northeast region, particularly in the states of Pernambuco and Paraiba. Renaissance lace is highly valued because of its technical complexity. Renaissance Lace


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Olinda - Pernambuco


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Renaissance lace from Olinda


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Renaissance lace


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Renaissance - Paraiba


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Renaissance from Pernambuco


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Pernambuco – wedding gown


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Renaissance from Alagoas


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Divina Pastora, Sergipe Irish lace Recognized as Brazil Cultural Heritage


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Aracaju, Sergipe


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Irish lace– Divina Pastora, Sergipe


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Labirinto lace– Ceara and Paraiba


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Chas do Pereira - Paraiba


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Labirinto lace from Chas do Pereira - Paraiba


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Orobo, Pernambuco Frivolite


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Redende Alagoas, Sergipe and Bahia


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Redende from Maceio


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Crochet - Canoa Quebrada, Ceara


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Parnaiba, Piaui


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Richelieu - mandatory in candomble liturgical vestments – Bahia . . . . .


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Richelieu - Salvador, Bahia


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Bahia - Cachoeira


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