Intro to Urban Geography

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Intro to Urban Geography AP Human Geography - Damon - April 2015

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New York, NY

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Shanghai, China

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Hong Kong, SAR China

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Nairobi, Kenya

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Paris, France

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Cairo, Egypt

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Moscow, Russia

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Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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What is Urbanization? The growth of a central city and its suburbs The “Nail House” in Chongqing, China

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Global population now 54% urban, 46% rural

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Percent Urban Population Developed world is most urbanized, but developing world is urbanizing at the fastest pace.

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Urban Growth 2002-2015

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World’s Largest Urban Agglomerations (Urban Areas)

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What Is A City? A node in a circulation system of people, resources, goods, services and ideas. There is no set size for a city - definitions vary from country to country and state to state.

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Terms Urban: town or city, high density of human-made structures Micropolitan: urban area with population of 10,000-49,000 (U.S.) Metropolitan: densely populated urban core & its surrounding areas sharing industry, infrastructure & housing Exurban: prosperous communities beyond the suburbs that are commuter towns for an urban area

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Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas

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Metropolitan Areas Micropolitan Areas

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1st Urban Revolution Corresponds to 1st Ag Revolution Dates? Crops, domesticated animals Food surpluses - not everyone has to be a farmer People no longer have to move in search of food Rise of specialization & social classes Populations grow - cities emerge

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Hearths of Urbanization

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Mesopotamia - 3500 BCE

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2nd Urban Revolution Corresponds to Industrial Revolution & 2nd Ag Revolution Dates? Mechanization - greater ag surpluses Industrialization Large scale movement of people to cities to work in factories

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Site and Situation Affect Whether Or Not Cities Grow and Prosper Situation: characteristics of the relative location of a city Accessibility Connectivity Proximity to resources Site: characteristics of the absolute location of a city Landforms Climate Vegetation Water supply Soil quality Minerals Wildlife

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Today, situation is the most important factor in the growth of a city.

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Megacities: Population = 10 Million +

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World City: Important Node in Global Economic System

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The World is Spiky

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A leading city that is disproportionately larger than the other cities in the country. London, UK Mexico City, Mexico Paris, France Primate City

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Rank-Size Rule Population of city is inversely proportional to its rank in the urban hierarchy. For example: Largest city = Population 12 million 2nd largest = Population 6 million 3rd largest = Population 4 million 4th largest = Population 3 million Does not work in regions with primate cities

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Largest Cities in U.S. Does Rank-Size Rule Work?